European Journal of Policing Studies

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Issue 2, 2017 Expand all abstracts

Aims and Scope

Authors Antoinette Verhage, Lieselot Bisschop, Wim Hardyns e.a.

Antoinette Verhage

Lieselot Bisschop

Wim Hardyns

Dominique Boels

Exploring Criminal Investigation Practices

The Benefits of Analysing Police-Generated Investigation Data

Keywords Police registers, police studies, criminal investigation, investigation practices, police case files
Authors Heidi Fischer and Johanne Yttri Dahl
AbstractAuthor's information

    Current police practices, such as criminal investigations, generate a variety of data that are potentially available to social science researchers. Despite the vital importance of criminal investigations in police operations, there has been limited research on criminal investigation practices. Here, we explore how research analysing police-generated investigation data would contribute to criminal justice and police research, and police organizations. We provide examples from Norwegian police registry data such as national criminal registers, police case files and data from forensic DNA databases. Police registry data may contribute to opening the ‘black box’ surrounding criminal investigation practices, thereby providing important insights into practices that are crucial for the development of organizational learning and knowledge creation. The original contribution of this paper is that it explores the untapped potential of analysing police-generated investigation data for research purposes, an issue that has not been sufficiently addressed in the literature on police performance and organizations.

Heidi Fischer
Heidi Fischer Bjelland is a PhD Candidate at The Norwegian Police University College in Oslo, Norway. Her doctoral research is exploring the policing of human trafficking in Norway (corresp: heibje@phs.no).

Johanne Yttri Dahl
Johanne Yttri Dahl is an associate professor at The Norwegian Police University College in Oslo, Norway. Her research interests revolve around the policing of mobile property offenders, surveillance, and the use of DNA evidence in investigations and criminal proceedings. She is currently engaged in a project financed by Norwegian Research Council, entitled ‘New Trends in Modern Policing’.

Is Police Culture Echoed in Southern Europe? The Case of Novice Police Constables in Cyprus

Keywords brotherhood, cynicism, isolation, suspicion
Authors Angelo G. Constantinou
AbstractAuthor's information

    It is often maintained that police norms, values, and beliefs, undergo fragmentation due to a series of causes. That is, the polymorphic nature of policing, the diversity of police personnel, and the dissimilar socioeconomic and political settings which surround the sphere of policing. As a result, the saliency of police values and beliefs (police culture), especially when put against an international backdrop, is doubted, if not denied. Such being the case, the article examines whether or not, police culture, as documented to subsist in Anglo-American police organisations, is reflected in the Cyprus Police.

Angelo G. Constantinou
Angelo Constantinou is a member of the Cyprus Police and a part-time lecturer in Criminology/ Policing at the Open University of Cyprus. His research concentrates on criminal law, human trafficking, crime displacement, police culture, police discretion, police corruption, crowd control, and criminological theory (corresp: angelos.constantinou@ouc.ac.cy).

Too big to fail, too powerful to jail? A convenience perspective by private internal investigations

Keywords convenience theory, executive misconduct, Lehman Brothers, internal investigation, fraud examination
Authors Petter Gottschalk
AbstractAuthor's information

    This article introduces convenience theory as an explanation for executive misconduct and crime. Reports of investigations by fraud examiners often document convenience, and internal reports can contribute to convenience. Based on a case study, this article discusses the role of private investigations when there is suspicion of white-collar crime. In the case of executives at Lehman Brothers, the private internal investigation report provides evidence of all three dimensions in convenience theory: motive in the economical dimension, opportunity to commit and conceal misconduct, and willingness for deviant behavior. At the same time, the investigation report concludes that executives before the bankruptcy did nothing wrong, thereby supporting the convenience perspective for members of the elite.

Petter Gottschalk
Petter Gottschalk is professor in the department of leadership and organizational behavior at BI Norwegian Business School in Oslo, Norway. He has been the CEO of several companies. Dr. Gottschalk has published extensively on fraud examinations, police investigations, knowledge management, financial misconduct, white-collar misconduct, and organized misconduct (corresp: petter.gottschalk@bi.no).

Wasting opportunities – prevention of illicit crossborder waste trafficking

Keywords waste crime, crime script, illicit waste trafficking, environmental crime, situational crime prevention
Authors Iina Sahramäki, Serena Favarin, Shanna Mehlbaum e.a.
AbstractAuthor's information

    This study aims to construct a consolidated crime script of cross-border illicit waste trafficking by analysing similarities in modus operandi. In addition, factors enabling illicit waste trafficking were studied. Research questions were analysed from a situational crime prevention point of view by applying crime script analysis to 13 judiciary case studies of illicit cross-border waste trafficking obtained from the Netherlands, Italy and Finland. The findings suggest that the potential offender usually has advanced knowledge of the waste market and of the legislation and regulation. The case studies also suggest that the lack and misuse of appropriate licenses and falsified documentation, as well as taking advantage of illicit and licit networks in facilitating activities, are prevailing characteristics in the illicit cross-border trafficking of waste. Despite the small number of cases, the findings imply the need to focus crime prevention efforts on the early stages of the crime commission process, such as planning the crime.

Iina Sahramäki
Iina Sahramäki is a researcher at the RDI Department of the Police College of Finland. She has focused on cooperation between law enforcement agencies and the varied aspects of the crime prevention. She is also currently finishing her PhD at the University of Tampere on the prevention of environmental crimes.

Serena Favarin
Serena Favarin is assistant professor of criminology at the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore in Milan and researcher at Transcrime – Joint Research Centre on Transnational Crime of the same University. Her fields of interest include the analysis of illegal markets (e.g., counterfeiting, firearms, tobacco, waste), crime-statistics, and spatial analysis.

Shanna Mehlbaum
Shanna Mehlbaum is a researcher at the Tilburg University Law School. Her expertise covers the study of environmental crime, street crimes and organised crime, as well as police practices and multiagency cooperation. She is currently working on her PhD on serious waste crime in the Netherlands.

Ernesto Savona
Ernesto Savona is professor of criminology at the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore in Milan and director of Transcrime – Joint Research Centre on Transnational Crime of the same University. He is Editor in Chief of the European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research since 2003. His research activity has centered e.g. on organised crime, economic crime, law and social change, corruption.

Toine Spapens
Toine Spapens is Full Professor of Criminology at the Department of Criminal Law at Tilburg University. Spapens has done extensive empirical research on (organised) crime and its containment, and on international law enforcement cooperation. These studies include environmental crime, trafficking in illicit firearms, large-scale cannabis cultivation in the Netherlands, illegal gambling.

Terhi Kankaanranta
Terhi Kankaanranta is a senior researcher at the RDI Department of the Police University College of Finland (Polamk). Her work experience as researcher is over 13 years in the University of Tampere and Polamk. Her research expertise covers e.g. the analysis of economic and environmental crimes and economic crime investigation. (corresp: terhi.kankaanranta@poliisi.fi)

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