Hungarian Yearbook of International Law and European Law


The Activation of the Temporary Protection Directive for People Fleeing from Ukraine

Keywords Temporary Protection Directive, international protection, war in Ukraine, Common European Asylum System, solidarity
Authors Ágnes Töttős
Author's information

Ágnes Töttős
Ágnes Töttős: visiting lecturer, Károli Gáspár University of the Reformed Church, Budapest; chief government counsellor, Cabinet Office of the Prime Minister of Hungary, Budapest.
  • Abstract

      The Temporary Protection Directive (Council Directive 2001/55/EC) and especially its lack of previous activation has been widely criticized, therefore this study intends to highlight the reasons why it was ideal to finally use this tool for providing protection for those fleeing the war in Ukraine. This paper details how the EU activated the Directive and how its Member States implement its provisions for the first time, addressing legal issues such as the personal scope of implementation and operational aspects of the activation, including the solidarity measures offered by EU institutions and Member States. Finally, the wider implications of this activation and the solidarity measures related to it and already visible in the context of the reform of the Common European Asylum System shall also be discussed.

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