Hungarian Yearbook of International Law and European Law


60 Years of the New York Convention in Hungary

A Formalistic, Yet Pro-Arbitration Approach

Keywords New York Convention, recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards, Hungary, lex arbitri, arbitration
Authors Richárd Schmidt
Author's information

Richárd Schmidt
Richárd Schmidt: managing partner, SMARTLEGAL Schmidt & Partners law firm, Budapest; guest lecturer of international dispute resolution at the Department of Private International Law at the Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Budapest.
  • Abstract

      The New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards celebrates the 60th anniversary of its entry into force in Hungary in 2022. After being hibernated for nearly three decades, the Convention has become an essential source of Hungarian lex arbitri since the political-economic transition of the country from socialism to market economy in 1989-1990. Given that the Convention celebrates its ‘diamond anniversary’ in Hungary this year, the time is ripe to review its application by domestic courts over the last decades, by focusing on the recognition and enforcement of international arbitration agreements and foreign arbitral awards in Hungarian judicial practice. This study aims at verifying whether the approach of Hungarian state courts is in line with, or at least converging towards the dominant pro-arbitration bias of the Convention. On the other hand, it is worth identifying those domains, where national judicial practice departs from the mainstream tendencies, and to shed light on those fields, where the risk of divergence from the arbitration-friendly orientation arises.

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