International Journal of Online Dispute Resolution


ODR in the Metaverse

Keywords metaverse, ODR, virtual reality, hologram, avatar, mediation, negotiation, technology, algorithm, resolution
Authors Mayu Watanabe en Colin Rule
Author's information

Mayu Watanabe
Mayu Watanabe is a specially appointed associate professor at the faculty of law at Rikkyo University in Tokyo. She is also a founding board member of the Japan Association for Online Dispute Resolution (JODR).

Colin Rule
Colin Rule is CEO of and
  • Abstract

      The term metaverse describes a vision for the next iteration of the internet where users can navigate computer networks that resemble interconnected 3D spaces, discovering information and interacting with others. While the concept of the metaverse is not really new, it has recently become a hot area for investment, as CEOs are now spending billions of dollars to bring it to fruition in the near future. While many questions remain about how the metaverse will work and whom it will benefit, early implementations of different components of the underlying technology (e.g. virtual reality, digital holograms and avatar-based interactions) are giving us a chance to see how these technologies might be useful in resolving disputes online. This article explores the promises and challenges of online dispute resolution (ODR) in the metaverse by defining the key components, describing recent metaverse experiences, analysing impacts on party psychology and assessing the reasons to be both optimistic and sceptical about the potential for metaverse technologies in ODR moving forward.

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