Search result: 281 articles

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Article

Success in Conflict Intervention Is What We Make of It but Significance Is the Goal

Journal International Journal of Conflict Engagement and Resolution, Issue 1 2014
Keywords conflict intervention research, measure of success, measure of significance, third party impact, mediation
Authors Brian Polkinghorn and Abraham (Avi) Mozes-Carmel
AbstractAuthor's information

    This article examines two issues relating to why and how we measure and derive any meaning of ‘success’ regarding the effective intervention into conflict episodes. The first issue focuses on who we say we are in relation to what we do as interveners and researchers who occupy an eclectic and clustered field of study and practice. We argue the field itself impacts the framing of success and as such we should resist the urge to fuse the field into tightly bound conceptual frameworks or through any unifying theories and remain – at least for now – a wide open and diverse conglomerate so as to focus our attention on the fission of unique ideas. The second issue argues that there is no one universal or ‘normal’ framework or method relating to how we measure success in conflict intervention. Therefore we argue that the measure of success is not the true aim of conflict intervention research, but rather gaining an understanding of the significance and impact the process and intervener have on the parties.


Brian Polkinghorn
Brian Polkinghorn is Distinguished Professor and Program Director at the Department of Conflict Analysis and Dispute Resolution and Executive Director at the Bosserman Center for Conflict Resolution, Salisbury University, USA.

Abraham (Avi) Mozes-Carmel
Abraham (Avi) Mozes-Carmel Senior Research Fellow at the Bosserman Center for Conflict Resolution, Salisbury University, USA.
Article

Transformative Mediation

A Self-Assessment

Journal International Journal of Conflict Engagement and Resolution, Issue 1 2014
Keywords relational approach to mediation, transformative mediation, ideology and mediation, Institute for the Study of Conflict Transformation, USPS REDRESS Mediation Program
Authors Joseph Folger and Robert A. Baruch Bush
AbstractAuthor's information

    Transformative mediation is an approach to third party intervention that has been implemented in a range of dispute settings over the past twenty years. This article offers an explanation of what led us to develop the transformative model of mediation, and an assessment of the body of work related to both the theory and practice of transformative mediation. Specifically, we offer an assessment of: how well the relational premises of the model have been articulated, whether transformative practice remained aligned with its underlying premises, what the impact of practice has been, and what effect this approach to conflict intervention has had on the discourse of the conflict field in general.


Joseph Folger
Joseph Folger, Ph.D., is Professor of Adult and Organizational Development at Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. He is a co-founder of the Institute for the Study of Conflict Transformation (<www.transformativemediation.org>).

Robert A. Baruch Bush
Robert A. Baruch Bush, J.D., is Rains Distinguished Professor of Law at the Maurice A. Deane School of Law, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York, New York, U.S.A. He is a co-founder of the Institute for the Study of Conflict Transformation (<www.transformativemediation.org>).
Article

The Success-Failure Anxiety in Conflict Resolution

Between Law, Narrative and Field Building

Journal International Journal of Conflict Engagement and Resolution, Issue 1 2014
Keywords conflict resolution, failure, procedural, post-structural, constructive, success
Authors Michal Alberstein
AbstractAuthor's information

    The paper discusses success as a managerial notion, on the basis of efficiency measures and consequential thinking, and contrasts it with success as a more procedural internal notion within the second generation of conflict resolution. The appeal to success in the conflict resolution field is considered as based originally on efficiency and effectiveness, while implicitly inspired by philosophical principles and moral values. Later, when new models based on identity and relationship emerged, more explicit emphasis on process and internal validity became part of the definition of success. The paper describes the particular anxiety of aspiring for consequential success in the realm of law. It also offers a model to evaluate success while assuming its open-ended and complex nature. Defining success from within a context many times helps to capture more deeply the phenomenon of conflict resolution intervention.


Michal Alberstein
Head of the Conflict Management, Resolution and Negotiation Program, Bar-Ilan University.
Article

Reflexivity and the State of Success and Failure in Our Field

Journal International Journal of Conflict Engagement and Resolution, Issue 1 2014
Keywords reflexive, conflict engagement, success, failure, learning
Authors Jay Rothman
AbstractAuthor's information

    In this piece, I contrast success and failure in creative conflict engagement as related continua on a scale of relevance. Not always is success a good thing (for example, if goals are pedestrian or wildly unrealistic) nor is failure a bad thing (if we or the parties gain useful insights from it). Indeed, I suggest that the very effort to wrestle with these concepts is in itself a reflexive value and practice that will help our field become more robust and interesting. Moreover, I suggest by being reflexive about such questions, we will be developing a new petite theory-in-use (as opposed to a more ambitious and unrealistic grand theory) for our field.


Jay Rothman
Associate Professor in the Conflict Management, Resolution and Negotiation Program, Bar-Ilan University.
Article

Lessons from the Frontiers of Failure

Second-Order Social Learning and Conflict Resolution

Journal International Journal of Conflict Engagement and Resolution, Issue 1 2014
Keywords conflict resolution, social learning, intractability, failure, adaptation
Authors Oliver Ramsbotham
AbstractAuthor's information

    From the beginning, second order social learning has been at the heart of conflict resolution. Learning from failure was seen by the founders of the field to be essential for individuals and social groups if they were to adapt and survive in a constantly changing environment. This article traces the origins of this concept within the field and then applies it to the field itself. How well has conflict resolution responded to failure during its 60 year development? Where are the ‘frontiers of failure’ today? The article ends with an example of adaptation to failure drawn from my own work on what can be done in the communicative sphere when, so far, conflict resolution does not work.


Oliver Ramsbotham
Emeritus Professor of Conflict Resolution, University of Bradford
Article

Exploring the Boundaries of Free Exploration and Use of Outer Space

Article IX and the Principle of Due Regard, Some Contemporary Considerations

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 1 2014
Authors Neta Palkovitz
Author's information

Neta Palkovitz
Legal Advisor, ISIS- Innovative Solutions In Space B.V. (“ISIS”), The Netherlands.

Andreas Loukakis
Ph.D. Candidate, Faculty of Law, Economics and Finance, University of Luxembourg.

Ntorina Antoni
International Institute of Air and Space Law, Leiden University, The Netherlands

Federico Bergamasco
International Institute of Air and Space Law, Leiden University, The Netherlands

Yvon Henri
Chief Space Services Department, International Telecommunication Union (ITU), Radiocommunication Bureau Geneva, Switzerland.

Joyeeta Chatterjee
McGill University, Institute of Air and Space Law.

Brendan Cohen

Sanne Kruikemeier
Sanne Kruikemeier is promovenda Politieke Communicatie aan de afdeling Communicatiewetenschap en de Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR) van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Haar onderzoek concentreert zich voornamelijk op online communicatie in een politieke context.

Guda van Noort
Guda van Noort is Universitair Docent Persuasieve Communicatie aan de afdeling Communicatiewetenschap en de Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR) van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Haar onderzoek concentreert zich voornamelijk op kenmerken van nieuwe media en de overtuigingskracht van communicatie in nieuwe media.

Rens Vliegenthart
Rens Vliegenthart is hoogleraar Communicatiewetenschap aan de afdeling communicatiewetenschap en de Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR) van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Zijn onderzoek concentreert zich voornamelijk op de relatie tussen politieke en maatschappelijke actoren enerzijds en journalisten anderzijds.

Claes H. De Vreese
Claes H. De Vreese is hoogleraar Politieke Communicatie aan de afdeling communicatiewetenschap en de Amsterdam School of Communication Research (ASCoR) van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Zijn onderzoek concentreert zich voornamelijk op politieke journalistiek en media-effecten op publieke opinie en electoraal gedrag.
Article

China en de bescherming van burgers in conflictsituaties

Opkomende macht zoekt rol

Journal Res Publica, Issue 1 2014
Keywords China, internal conflicts, non-interference, R2P, sovereignty, Africa
Authors Sara Van Hoeymissen
AbstractAuthor's information

    Contemporary violent conflicts are mostly internal in nature. The serious humanitarian consequences that they often cause belong in principle to the internal affairs of the sovereign state in which they occur. Since the 90s, however, the international community is playing an increasingly important role in addressing the humanitarian consequences of internal conflicts. What kind of a partner is the West, meeting in this field with China? From the perspective of identities and role conceptions, this article highlights the Chinese debate on the principle of non-interference in internal affairs. This decades old cornerstone of China’s foreign policy is under discussion as a result of China’s rise, which is raising expectations of a more active role of China, including conflict management. This article examines the changing self-images that lead to the search for a new Chinese role but also points to the enduring influence of older role conceptions. The empirical focus is on Africa, with examples from Chinese policy toward some recent african complex crises.


Sara Van Hoeymissen
Sara Van Hoeymissen is research fellow aan het “Peace, Leadership and Conflict Transformation” Programma van National University of Science and Technology (NUST) in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. Haar onderzoek concentreert zich momenteel voornamelijk op de rol van opkomende machten inzake vrede en veiligheidskwesties in Afrika.
Symposium

Partijen schrijven programma’s

Journal Res Publica, Issue 1 2014
Authors Caroline Gennez, Frederiek Vermeulen, Vincent Van Peteghem e.a.
Author's information

Caroline Gennez
Caroline Gennez studeerde politieke wetenschappen aan de KU Leuven. Ze was jongerenvoorzitter van de Vlaamse socialisten en bekleedde verschillende politieke functies op lokaal, Vlaams en federaal vlak. Van 2007 tot 2011 was ze voorzitter van sp.a. Ze was ook voorzitter van het Advisory Committee on the Fundamental Programme of the Party of European Socialists (PES). Momenteel is ze lid van de Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers en lijsttrekker in de provincie Antwerpen voor het Vlaams Parlement.

Frederiek Vermeulen
Frederiek Vermeulen werkt voor de European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) in Parijs. Hij was lid van Innesto30 en sinds zijn studententijd actief binnen de christendemocratische beweging op lokaal, nationaal en Europees vlak. Hij schrijft deze bijdrage in eigen naam.

Vincent Van Peteghem
Vincent Van Peteghem is professor Operations Management aan de EDHEC Business School (Lille). Hij was lid van Innesto30 en jarenlang regionaal en provinciaal voorzitter van JONGCD&V Oost-Vlaanderen. Sinds de gemeenteraadsverkiezingen van 2012 is hij fractieleider voor CD&V in De Pinte. Bij de komende verkiezingen is hij kandidaat voor de federale verkiezingen in Oost-Vlaanderen. Hij schrijft deze bijdrage in eigen naam.

Marjolein Meijer
Marjolein Meijer is doctor in de politieke wetenschappen (Universiteit Antwerpen). Zij is al enkele jaren actief binnen GroenLinks en werd in maart 2013 verkozen als internationaal secretaris in het landelijk partijbestuur. In die rol was zij lid van de programmacommissie voor de Europese verkiezingen van GroenLinks. Ze is als delegatieleider van GroenLinks bij de Europese Groene Partij betrokken bij de totstandkoming van het common manifesto. Zij is werkzaam als strategisch onderzoeker bij de Gemeente Almere en schrijft deze bijdrage op persoonlijke titel.

David Hollanders
David Hollanders is onderzoeker bij het Amsterdams Instituut voor Arbeidsstudies (AIAS) en docent bij het University College Utrecht.

Barbara Vis
Barbara Vis is hoogleraar Politieke Besluitvorming aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschap en Politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, waar zij onder meer een VIDI-project getiteld ‘HIGH-RISK POLITICS’ leidt (www.highriskpolitics.org).
Introduction

China en de EU: partners of rivalen?

Journal Res Publica, Issue 1 2014
Authors Gustaaf Geeraerts and Henk Overbeek
Author's information

Gustaaf Geeraerts
Gustaaf Geeraerts is gewoon hoogleraar Internationale Betrekkingen en directeur van het Brussels Institute of Contemporary China Studies (BICCS), Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB).

Henk Overbeek
Henk Overbeek is hoogleraar Internationale Betrekkingen en afdelingshoofd bij de Afdeling Bestuurswetenschap en Politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Article

China’s uitgaande investeringen

Instituties, beperkingen en uitdagingen

Journal Res Publica, Issue 1 2014
Keywords China, outward direct investment, investment policy, institutions
Authors Duncan Freeman
AbstractAuthor's information

    China’s outward investment policy has attracted attention not only for policy reasons, but also in academic debate on the role of source-country institutions in foreign investment. Formal institutions in the form of government policy and regulations have been central to China’s outward investment. This paper is based on a detailed analysis of Chinese policy and regulatory documents, which provide evidence of the motivations, substance and outcomes of investment policy. The paper argues that the factors determining investment policy are complex and evolving, and that elements of the policy may not be coherent and can be conflicting. It also argues that unintended outcomes are frequent, and that enterprises, including state-owned enterprises, attempt to escape the constraints of government policy and regulation. Thus, the relationship between institutions in China and enterprise behaviour is complex, and is not simply one of restriction or promotion of outward investment.


Duncan Freeman
Duncan Freeman is senior research fellow aan het Brussels Institute of Contemporary China Studies (BICCS), Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB). Hij doet onderzoek naar China’s uitgaande investeringen.
Article

De Sino-Europese relaties inzake schone energie: partners of rivalen?

Journal Res Publica, Issue 1 2014
Keywords EU-China, renewable energy, trade disputes
Authors Thijs Van de Graaf
AbstractAuthor's information

    This article examines EU-China relations with regard to two key renewable energy sectors, wind and solar. It finds that, although there have been sources for trade disputes in both sectors, trade frictions have surfaced most prominently in the solar sector. The reason is a double imbalance between the manufacturing and deployment of solar panels, both geographically (with China producing the bulk of solar panels almost exclusively for export) and numerically (with structural overcapacity). Yet, the image of a zero-sum bilateral trade war over solar panels is exaggerated, because there are both opponents and proponents of trade defense measures in China and the EU. The study further argues that the solar dispute is part and parcel of a global wave of clean energy trade frictions and it explores pathways to settle the issue through the negotiation of a multilateral agreement on environmental goods and services.


Thijs Van de Graaf
Thijs Van de Graaf is doctor-assistent aan de Vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Gent. Hij voert onderzoek naar internationale energiepolitiek.

Anchrit Wille
Anchrit Wille is politicologe en bestuurskundige en verbonden aan de Campus Den Haag van de Universiteit Leiden. Ze publiceert over politiek-ambtelijke verhoudingen, politiek vertrouwen, participatie en democratie.
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