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ECJ Court Watch

Case C-147/17. Working time and health and safety

Sindicatul Familia Constanța and Others – v – Direcția Generală de Asistență Socială și Protecția Copilului Constanța, reference lodged by the Romanian Curtea de Apel Constanţa on 23 March 2017

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 19 July 2017, case C-143/16 (Abercrombie & Fitch Italia Srl), Age discrimination

Abercrombie & Fitch Italia Srl – v – Antonino Bordonaro, Italian case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
Keywords Age discrimination
Abstract

    A provision which authorises an employer to make an on-call contract with a worker of under 25 years of age and to dismiss that worker as soon as he or she reaches 25, pursues a legitimate aim of employment and labour market policy and the means to attain that objective were appropriate and necessary.

Case Reports

2017/27 Supreme Court clarifies indirect discrimination test (UK)

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
Keywords General discrimination, Indirect discrimination
Authors Soyoung Lee
AbstractAuthor's information

    The Supreme Court has given a clear explanation of how the test for indirect discrimination works, holding that it is not necessary to know why a particular group is disadvantaged by an employer’s policy in order to show indirect discrimination. This decision is not particularly helpful for employers as it makes it easier for individuals to make an indirect discrimination claim. However, the Supreme Court emphasised that it is always open to an employer to show that indirect discrimination is justified.


Soyoung Lee
Soyoung Lee is an Associate Solicitor at Lewis Silkin LLP (www.lewissilkin.com).
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 22 June 2017, case C-126/16 (Smallsteps), Transfer of undertakings

Federatie Nederlandse Vakvereniging and Others – v – Smallsteps BV, Dutch case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
Keywords Transfer of undertakings
Abstract

    A ‘pre-pack’ agreement is outside the scope of Article 5 of the Acquired Rights Directive. In this situation, the protection of workers guaranteed by Articles 3 and 4 of that directive is maintained.

ECJ Court Watch

Case C-258/17. Discrimination and pension

E.B. – v – Versicherungsanstalt öffentlich Bediensteter BVA, reference lodged by the German Verwaltungsgerichtshof on 15 May 2017

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
ECJ Court Watch

Case C-133/17. Health and safety

Dănuț Podilă and Others – v – Societatea Națională de Transport Feroviar de Călători ‘CFR Călători’ SA București, reference lodged by the Romanian Curtea de Apel Cluj on 14 March 2017

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 13 July 2017, case C-354/16 (Kleinsteuber), Part-time work and sex discrimination

Ute Kleinsteuber – v – Mars GmbH, German case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
Keywords Part-time work, Gender discrimination
Abstract

    Distinctions made for part-time workers in calculating occupational pension can be acceptable, as long as the calculations are based on legitimate objectives in accordance with law.

    The Dutch Supreme Court decided that proceedings of a company against its managing director should be brought before the court in the country where the managing director is domiciled, in accordance with Article 20(1) of Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters. This only applies if the managing director, in his capacity as director and manager, for a certain period of time, performed services for and under the direction of the company in return for remuneration, since in such a case it is presumed that he has an employment agreement as a worker.


Edith Franssen
Edith Franssen is an attorney at law at Loyens & Loeff and lecturer of Labour Law at the Erasmus University Rotterdam.
ECJ Court Watch

Case C-41/17. Health and safety

Isabel González Castro – v – Mutua Umivale, Prosegur España, S.L., reference lodged by the Spanish Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Galicia on 25 January 2017

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
ECJ Court Watch

Case C-252/17. Equal treatment

Moisés Vadillo González – v – Alestis Aerospace, S.L., reference lodged by the Spanish Juzgado de lo Social No 2, Cádiz on 12 May 2017

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
ECJ Court Watch

Case C-61/17. Collective redundancies

Miriam Bichat – v – APSB — Aviation Passage Service Berlin GmbH & Co. KG, reference lodged by the German Landesarbeitsgericht Berlin-Brandenburg on 6 February 2017

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 13 July 2017, case C-89/16 (Szoja), Social security

Radosław Szoja – v – Sociálna poisťovňa and WEBUNG, s.r.o., Slovakian case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
Keywords Social security
Abstract

    Marginal activities should be disregarded for the purposes of determining which national social security legislation applies.

    After the transfer of an undertaking (or part of one) the new employer cannot modify the transferred workers’ wages without their consent. This decision of the Belgian Supreme Court of 14 November 2016 leaves no leeway to the transferee to unilaterally substitute certain contractual elements with new ones, even if the new salary scheme is more advantageous overall.


Cecilia Lahaye
Cecilia Lahaye is an attorney at Van Olmen & Wynant in Brussels (www.vow.be).
Case Reports

2017/31 Lawful positive discrimination in favour of women (FR)

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
Keywords Discrimination (other), Positive discrimination
Authors Claire Toumieux and Susan Ekrami
AbstractAuthor's information

    Company agreement provisions granting a half-day of leave to female employees on International Women’s Day constitute lawful positive discrimination in favour of women.


Claire Toumieux
Claire Toumieux is a partner with Allen & Overy LLP in Paris (www.allenovery.com).

Susan Ekrami
Susan Ekrami is a senior associate with Allen & Overy LLP in Paris (www.allenovery.com).
ECJ Court Watch

Case C-68/17. Equal treatment

IR – v – JQ, reference lodged by the German Bundesarbeitsgericht on 9 February 2017

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
ECJ Court Watch

Case C-12/17. Parental leave

Maria Dicu – v – Ministerul Justiției, Consiliul Superior al Magistraturi, Curtea de Apel Suceava, Tribunalul Botoșani, reference lodged by the Romanian Curtea de Apel Cluj on 10 January 2017

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 26 July 2017, case C-175/16 (Hälvä), Working time

Hannele Hälvä and Others – v – SOS-Lapsikylä ry, Finish case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
Keywords Working time
Abstract

    Relief workers who look after children in a family environment for SOS-Lapsikyläry, so relieving the children’s foster carers, do not fall within the scope of the exception provided for in Article 17(1) of the Working Time Directive.

ECJ Court Watch

Case C-17/17. Insolvency

Grenville Hampshire – v – The Board of the Pension Protection Fund, reference lodged by the English Court of Appeal on 16 January 2017

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 20 July 2017, case C-416/16 (Piscarreta Ricardo), Transfer of undertaking

Luís Manuel Piscarreta Ricardo – v – Portimão Urbis EM SA and Others, Portuguese case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 3 2017
Keywords Transfer of undertakings
Abstract

    The Acquired Rights Directive applies in a situation in which a municipal body was wound up and its activities transferred in part to another municipality and in part to a different body, and an employee on long term leave, whose employment contract was suspended and was therefore not working at the time, was still covered by the concept of ‘employee’ within the meaning of the Directive.

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