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Rulings

ECJ 12 May 2021, Case C-202/20 P (Necci / Commission), Miscellaneous

Claudio Necci – v – European Commission, EU case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Miscellaneous
Abstract

    EC’s Rejection of request to join the Joint Sickness Insurance Scheme of the Institutions of the European Communities found illegitimate, case referred back to General Court.

Rulings

ECJ 20 May 2021, Case C-879/19 (Format), Social Insurance

FORMAT Urządzenia i Montaże Przemysłowe – v – Zakład Ubezpieczeń Społecznych I Oddział w Warszawie, Polish case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Social Insurance
Abstract

Rulings

ECJ 3 June 2021, case C-326/19 (Ministero dell’Istruzione, dell’Università e della Ricerca – MIUR e.a. (Chercheurs universitaires)), Fixed-Term Work

EB – v – Presidenza dei Consiglio dei Ministri, Ministero dell’Istruzione, dell’Università e della Ricerca – MIUR and Università degli Studi ‘Roma Tre’, Italian case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Fixed-Term Work
Abstract

    It is allowed to limit both the duration and number of fixed-term contracts without an objective justification being necessary, provided that there is no abuse of the rules.

Pending Cases

Case C-101/21, Insolvency

HJ – v – Ministerstvo práce a sociálních věcí, reference lodged by the Nejvyšší správní soud (Czech Republic) on 18 February 2021

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Insolvency
Rulings

ECJ 12 May 2021, Case C-27/20 (CAF), Social Insurance

PF, QG – v – Caisse d’allocations familiales (CAF) d’Ille-et-Vilaine, French case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Social Insurance
Abstract

    Use of reference year for determining family allowances not found contrary to Article 45 TFEU and Article 7 of Regulation 492/2011, even if subsequent income is significantly reduced.

Rulings

ECtHR 10 June 2021, application no. 45487/17 (Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) and Norwegian Transport Workers’ Union (NTF) v. Norway), Collective Agreements, Unions, Free Movement, Other Fundamental Rights

Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) and Norwegian Transport Workers’ Union (NTF) – v – Norway

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Collective Agreements, Unions, Free Movement, Other Fundamental Rights
Abstract

    Well-founded decision to declare unlawful an announced trade union boycott to pressure foreign company into collective agreement in breach of EEA freedom of establishment.

Rulings

ECJ 24 June 2021, case C-550/19 (Obras y Servicios Públicos en Acciona Agua), Fixed-Term Work, Transfer of Undertakings, Employment Terms

EV – v – Obras y Servicios Públicos SA and Acciona Agua SA, Spanish case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Fixed-term Work, Transfer of Undertakings, Employment Terms
Abstract

    Spanish ‘fijos de obra’ employment contracts could be in breach of the Framework Agreement on Fixed-Term Work. Following a transfer, only the rights and obligations arising from the last contract transfer, provided that this is not to the detriment of the employee. Both are for the referring court to verify.

    Mandatory vaccination policies may not be contrary to art. 8 ECHR.

Rulings

ECJ 10 June 2021, case C-591/19 P (Commission v De Esteban Alonso), Miscellaneous

European Commission – v – Fernando De Esteban Alonso, EU case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Miscellaneous
Abstract

    European Anti-fraud Office and the Commission not found liable for alleged conduct in the context of criminal investigations against a former employee.

Rulings

ECJ 15 April 2021, Case C-877/19 P (FV/Council), Miscellaneous

FV – v – Council of the European Union, EU case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Miscellaneous
Abstract

    Appeal to annul the appellant’s 2014 and 2015 staff (performance) reports rejected.

Rulings

ECJ 3 June 2021, case C-942/19 (Servicio Aragonés de Salud), Fixed-Term Work

Servicio Aragonés de Salud – v – LB, Spanish case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Fixed-Term Work
Abstract

    The ECJ has no jurisdiction, as the worker concerned has a fixed employment contract.

Rulings

ECJ 12 May 2021, Case C-130/20 (INSS (Complément de pension pour les mères – II)), Gender Discrimination, Pension

YJ – v – Instituto Nacional de la Seguridad Social (INSS), Spanish case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Gender Discrimination, Pension
Abstract

    Directive 79/7 on equal treatment for men and women in matters of social security does not apply to national legislation which grants a pension supplement to women with at least two children who retire (early) on grounds of law but not in case of voluntary early retirement, as the Directive concerns discrimination between men and women.

Rulings

ECJ 3 June 2021, case C-726/19 (Instituto Madrileño de Investigación y Desarrollo Rural, Agrario y Alimentario), Fixed-Term Work

Instituto Madrileño de Investigación y Desarrollo Rural, Agrario y Alimentario – v – JN, Spanish case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Fixed-Term Work
Abstract

    It is not allowed to unilaterally extend fixed-term contracts anticipating definitive selection procedures for permanent positions, without it being clear when the selection procedure is held. The economic crisis of 2008 cannot justify the absence of any anti-abusive measures.

Rulings

ECJ 8 July 2021, case C-428/19 (Rapidsped), Posting of Workers and Expatriates

OL, PM, RO – v – Rapidsped Fuvarozási és Szállítmányosi Zrt., Hungarian case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Posting of Workers and Expatriates
Abstract

    A daily allowance is part of the minimum wage during posting, unless it is paid in reimbursement of expenditure actually incurred on account of the posting. A bonus to reduce fuel consumption is allowed, unless it encourages the driver to endager road safety.

Rulings

ECJ 15 April 2021, Case C-30/19 (Braathens Regional Aviation AB), Race, Nationality Discrimination

Diskrimineringsombudsmannen – v – Braathens Regional Aviation AB, Swedish case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Race, Nationality Discrimination
Abstract

    If, in a discrimination case, a defendant is willing to pay the full compensation claimed but denies the existence of that discrimination, the discrimination claim must still be heard.

Rulings

ECJ 3 June 2021, case C-914/19 (Ministero della Giustizia (Notaires)), Age Discrimination

Ministero della Giustizia – v – GN, Italian case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Age Discrimination
Abstract

    Article 21 CFREU precludes regulations which limit the application procedure for being a notary at 50 years of age, as it does not appear to meet its objectives, which is for the referring court to verify.

Landmark Ruling

ECJ 3 June 2021, case C-624/19 (Tesco Stores), Gender Discrimination, Discrimination General

[Employees] – v – Tesco Stores Ltd, UK case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Gender Discrimination, Discrimination General
Abstract

    The principle, laid down by EU law, of equal pay for male and female workers can be relied upon directly, in respect both of ‘equal work’ and of ‘work of equal value’, in proceedings between individuals.

Pending Cases

Case C-192/21, Fixed-term Work

Clemente – v – Comunidad de Castilla y León (Dirección General de la Función Pública), reference lodged by the Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Castilla y León (Spain) on 26 March 2021

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Fixed-term Work
Rulings

ECJ 8 July 2021, case C-166/20 (Lietuvos Respublikos sveikatos apsaugos ministerija), Work and Residence Permit

BB – v – Lietuvos Respublikos sveikatos apsaugos ministerija, UK/Lithuanian case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Work and Residence Permit
Abstract

    A person who has not met professional requirements in his home state, but has obtained some qualifications in both the home and host state, is entitled to a verification by the host state authorities whether to acknowledge his qualifications, albeit partly.

Pending Cases

Cases C-106/21, C-107/21 and C-135/21, Unions

Deutsche Lufthansa AG – v – BC, ZR, GD and WT, references lodged by the Landgericht Köln (Germany) on 22 February and 4 March 2021

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 2 2021
Keywords Unions
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