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Philippe De Vries
Philippe De Vries is docent in de masteropleiding Politieke Communicatie en lid van de Political Communication Research Unit aan de Universiteit Antwerpen. Zijn expertise ligt in de politieke marketing, politieke communicatie en politieke psychologie.

    This paper analyses ministerial expertise of senior ministers and junior ministers (in Dutch: staatssecretarissen) who held office in the Netherlands between 1967 and 2015. Expertise is differentiated between two independent dimensions: technical knowledge with respect to the subject matter of the portfolio, and political knowledge and skills. Results indicate that both types of ministers have considerable political and technical expertise, but junior ministers have relatively and significantly more often technical expertise and senior ministers more often have political expertise. Furthermore, the complete outsider (lacking both technical and political skills) is a rather rare phenomenon in both types of ministers. Besides, although it follows from the watchdog junior minister theory that political expertise is needed to function effectively as a watchdog, there is not a significantly higher frequency of political expertise in the junior ministers when the junior minister and the senior minister are from different parties than when they are from the same party.


Astrid Elfferich
Astrid Elfferich is researchmasterstudent Political Science and Public Administration aan de Universiteit Leiden. Haar onderzoek betreft naast parlementaire geschiedenis intergenerationele rechtvaardigheid en daaraan gekoppelde politieke vraagstukken, zoals de opslag van nucleair afval en het vergrijzingsprobleem.
Research Note

De (on)macht van verkiezingen?

Een analyse van politici tijdens hun laatste ambtstermijn

Journal Res Publica, Issue 2 2017
Authors Benny Geys and Karsten Mause
Author's information

Benny Geys
Benny Geys is professor aan de BI Norwegian Business School in Oslo en hoogleraar aan de Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB). Kernthema’s in zijn onderzoek betreffen politieke verantwoording, (lokaal) overheidsbeleid, fiscaal federalisme en sociaal kapitaal.

Karsten Mause
Karsten Mause is assistant professor Political Economy aan de faculteit Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universität Muenster. Zijn onderzoek concentreert zich voornamelijk op de (extra-)parlementaire activiteiten van politici en de politieke economie van staatssteun, onderwijsbeleid en publiek-private samenwerking.

    According to asymmetrical Kantianism, humans, but not animals, should be granted certain inviolable moral rights, including the right to be treated as ‘ends-in-themselves’. By limiting the application of Kantian principles to humans, we effectively demote animals to the status of mere means to (non-)human ends and pave the way for the justification of unwarranted practices of animal exploitation. In this article, I will attempt to refute asymmetrical Kantianism by arguing against its underlying idea that the possession of personhood is a necessary requirement for having moral rights. I will do so by showing that the possession of selfhood should be considered a necessary and sufficient requirement for having such rights. I will argue that at least some animals should be seen as possessing selfhood, which makes their treatment as mere means to an end morally untenable.


Boyd T.C. Leupen
Boyd Leupen studeerde Politicologie aan achtereenvolgens de Universiteit van Amsterdam en de Universiteit Leiden. In 2015 won hij de Masterscriptieprijs van het Instituut Politieke Wetenschap Leiden voor zijn scriptie ‘The moral standing of animals: Refuting asymmetrical Kantianism’. Momenteel is hij werkzaam als consultant voor TRAFFIC (the wildlife trade monitoring network) en verricht hij onderzoek naar de illegale handel in beschermde diersoorten in Zuidoost-Azië.
Research Note

De eerste wint: het primacy-effect ontleed

Journal Res Publica, Issue 2 2017
Authors Patrick van Erkel and Peter Thijssen
Author's information

Patrick van Erkel
Patrick van Erkel is als doctoraal onderzoeker verbonden aan het Departement Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Antwerpen. Zijn doctoraat richt zich op het verklaren van het electorale succes van individuele kandidaten. Zijn bredere onderzoeksinteresse spitst zich toe op electoraal gedrag, publieke opinie en politiek vertrouwen.

Peter Thijssen
Peter Thijssen is hoofddocent aan het Departement Politieke Wetenschap van de Universiteit Antwerpen. Hij is lid van de onderzoeksgroep Media, Middenveld en Politiek (M2P). Zijn onderzoek spitst zich toe op de wisselwerking tussen publieke opinie en politieke participatie.

Sandra Cabrera Alvarado
PhD Candidate, University of Luxembourg, 4, Rue Alphonse Weicker L-2721 Luxembourg, Luxembourg, sandra.cabrera@uni.lu.
Article

Refugees in Distress

The Protection of Safety Radiocommunication Signals against Harmful Interference

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 3 2017
Authors Simona Spassova and Valentina Nardone
Author's information

Simona Spassova
Dr. Simona Spassova; Faculty of Law, Economics and Finance, University of Luxembourg.

Valentina Nardone
Dr. Valentina Nardone; Sapienza University of Rome.
Article

Satellites and Their Humanitarian Applications

Time to Highlight Their Human Aspects?

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 3 2017
Authors Sylvia Ospina and Valentina Nardone
Author's information

Sylvia Ospina
JD, LL.M., S. Ospina & Associates – Consultants, POB 141814, Coral Gables, FL 33114, USA, Email: sospina@bellsouth.net; sospina2@gmail.com.

Valentina Nardone
Dr. Valentina Nardone; Sapienza University of Rome.

Brendan Cohen
Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP, United States, bcohen@cgsh.com. The opinions and views expressed herein are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP or any of its clients.

Valentina Nardone
Dr. Valentina Nardone; Sapienza University of Rome.
Article

Seeing People

Using Satellites for the Benefit of All

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 3 2017
Authors P.J. Blount
Author's information

P.J. Blount
University of Mississippi School of Law.

Michael S. Dodge
Department of Space Studies, John D. Odegard School of Aerospace Sciences, University of North Dakota.
Article

Space-Based Services Supporting Refugees

Legal Aspects

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 3 2017
Authors Mahulena Hofmann, Gerome Aloisio and Loredana Rinaldis
Author's information

Mahulena Hofmann
Mahulena Hofmann, University of Luxembourg, SES Chair in Space, SatCom and Media Law.

Gerome Aloisio
Gerome Aloisio, University of Luxembourg, Master in Space, Communication & Media Law.

Loredana Rinaldis
Loredana Rinaldis, University of Luxembourg, Master in Space, Communication & Media Law.

George Anthony Long
Fountain Hills, AZ United States, gal@legalparallax.com.
Article

Spaceplanes Operating in Airspace

In Search of a Regulatory Regime for Traffic Coordination

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 2 2017
Authors George D. Kyriakopoulos
Author's information

George D. Kyriakopoulos
Lecturer in International Law, Faculty of Law, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens.

Jean-François Mayence
Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (BELSPO), Belgium, maye@belspo.be.

Stefan A. Kaiser
LLM (McGill). Wassenberg, Germany, stefanakaiser@aol.com. This paper represents the author’s personal opinion and shall not be attributed to any organization with which he is affiliated. Copyright by Stefan A. Kaiser, 2017. Published by American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc., with permission.
Article

NewSpace

Putting an End to National Prestige and Accountability?

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 2 2017
Authors Ulrike M. Bohlmann and Moritz Bürger
Author's information

Ulrike M. Bohlmann
Dr. Ulrike M. Bohlmann, European Space Agency, Paris, France.

Moritz Bürger
Moritz Bürger, B.A., Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.
Article

Elon, Fly Me to the Moon!

Legal Dimensions of Space Tourism beyond Earth Orbit

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 2 2017
Authors Larry F. Martinez and Maria A. Pozza
Author's information

Larry F. Martinez
Larry F. Martinez, California State University, Long Beach, CA 90840-4605 USA, Larry.Martinez@csulb.edu.

Maria A. Pozza
Maria A. Pozza, Lane Neave, 141 Cambridge Terrace, Christchurch 8013, New Zealand, maria.pozza@laneneave.co.nz.
Article

New Space Activities and Legislation

A General Overview with a Specific Reference to the Ongoing Debate in Italy

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 2 2017
Authors Marina Gagliardi, Nicoletta Bini, Cristina Marabottini e.a.
Author's information

Marina Gagliardi
Marina Gagliardi, Legal Affairs Unit, Italian Space Agency, Rome, Italy.

Nicoletta Bini
Nicoletta Bini, Legal Affairs Unit, Italian Space Agency, Rome, Italy.

Cristina Marabottini
Cristina Marabottini, Legal Affairs Unit, Italian Space Agency, Rome, Italy.

Gianfranco Gabriele Nucera
Gianfranco Gabriele Nucera, Department of Political Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome.

Hamid Kazemi
Dr. Hamid Kazemi (main author), Aerospace Research Institute, Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Iran, h.kazemi@ari.ac.ir.

S. Hadi Mahmoudi
Dr. S. Hadi Mahmoudi, Shahid Beheshti University, Iran, h mahmoudi@sbu.ac.ir.

Ali Akbar Golroo
Dr. Ali Akbar Golroo, Aerospace Research Institute, Iran, ali@ari.ac.ir.
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