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ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 3 March 2016, case C-12/14. Free Movement – Social Insurance

European Commission –v– Republic of Malta

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2016
Keywords free movement – social insurance
ECJ Court Watch

Case C-454/15. Insolvency Protection

Jürgen Webb-Sämann –v– Christopher Seagon acting as liquidator in the insolvency of Baumarkt Praktiker DIY GmbH, reference lodged by the German Hessisches Landesarbeitsgericht on 24 August 2015

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2016
Keywords insolvency protection

    The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) has recently ruled on a Hungarian law suspending payment of civil servants’ pensions for the period during which they are employed in certain areas of the public sector. The ECtHR found this law to be discriminatory as it breaches Article 14 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) read in conjunction with Article 1, Protocol 1. Hungary, as the respondent State, is to pay pecuniary and non-pecuniary damages and procedural costs and expenses to the applicant, Mr Gyula Fábián. The judgment was delivered on 15 December 2015 and, if not appealed to the Grand Chamber, will cease to be appealable on 15 March 2016.


Dr. Ildiko Ratkai
Dr. Ildiko Ratkai is a lawyer with Ratkai Law Firm, www.ratkai.com in Budapest.

    In accordance with EU law, the prohibition against gender-based discrimination (in this case: dismissal relating to pregnancy) cannot be limited to employment relationships as defined in national law: it must also apply to other types of legal relationship, where one party provides services to another party for consideration, for an open-ended period of time under the supervision of a principal.


Gabriella Ormai
Gabriella Ormai is a partner and

Péter Bán
Péter Bán is senior counsel with CMS Cameron McKenna LLP, www.cms-cmck.com.
ECtHR Court Watch

ECtHR 26 November 2015, application 64846/11. (Ebrahimian), Religious Discrimination

Christiane Ebrahimian –v– France, French case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2016
Keywords Religious Discrimination

    An employer was ordered to reinstate an employee they had wrongly dismissed. The employer reinstated him, putting him back on the payroll, but simultaneously placed him on involuntary garden leave. The employee sought and got a second court order that this was not real reinstatement. The employer was ordered to allow the employee to return to the office and perform his habitual work there on pain of a penalty of € 100 for each day of non-compliance. The employer challenged this penalty, but without success.


Inga Klimašauskiené
Inga Klimašauskiené is a Senior Associate at GLIMSTEDT in Vilnius, http://www.glimstedt.lt.
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 25 February 2016, case C-292/14. (Stroumpoulis), Insolvency

Elleniko Dimosio –v– Stefanos Stroumpoulis and six others, Greek case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2016
Keywords insolvency
ECtHR Court Watch

ECtHR 12 January 2016, application 61496/08. (Bărbulescu), Fundamental Rights

Bărbulescu –v– Romania, Romanian case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2016
Keywords Fundamental Rights
ECJ Court Watch

Case C-531/15. Sex Discrimination

Elda Otero Ramos –v– Servizo Galego de Saúde, Instituto Nacional de la Seguridad Social, reference lodged by the Spanish Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Galicia on 8 October 2015

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2016
Keywords sex discrimination

    The Employment Appeal Tribunal (‘EAT’) held that a university lecturer’s complaints of less favourable treatment over a series of fixed term contracts were sufficiently linked to amount to ‘a series of similar acts’ and therefore could fall within the time limit of three months for bringing a claim in the Employment Tribunal.


Helen Coombes
Helen Coombes is an Associate at Lewis Silkin LLP: www.lewissilkin.com.

    A 60-year old widow with a house but without income other than a small widow’s pension has successfully challenged legislation that moved the qualification age for state pension benefits from 65 to 67. A court has found that, in her particular case, the legislation constitutes an “individual and excessive burden” within the meaning of ECtHR case law on the First Protocol to the ECHR. The government was ordered to start paying the widow state pension from age 65 despite and contrary to the wording of the law.


Peter Vas Nunes
Peter Vas Nunes is an advocaat with BarentsKrans in The Hague, www.barentskrans.nl.

    If both the transferor and transferee are affiliated to one and the same mandatory industry-level pension fund, the transferee is liable vis-à-vis that pension fund for pension contributions (premiums) due but not paid to that fund prior to the date of transfer. A judgment to this effect, which was reported in EELC in 2013/35, was recently confirmed on appeal.


Zef Even
Zef Even is an advocaat with SteensmaEven, www.steensmaeven.com.

    Austrian law permits the dismissal of an employee during parental leave only in cases where the employer cannot reasonably be expected to continue the contractual relationship. The colour of a hair ribbon does not justify the termination of a young father’s employment as a bus driver.


Christina Hießl
Christina Hießl is invited professor at Yonsei University, Graduate School of Social Welfare, Seoul http://yonsei.ac.kr.
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ 17 December 2015, joined cases C-25/14 and C-26/14. (UNIS), Free Movement – Social Insurance

Union des syndicats de l’immobilier (UNIS) –v– Ministre du Travail, de l’Emploi, de la Formation professionnelle et du Dialogue social, Syndicat national des résidences de tourisme (SNRT) and Others and Beaudout Père et Fils SARL –v– Ministre du Travail, de l’Emploi, de la Formation professionnelle et du Dialogue social, Confédération nationale de la boulangerie et boulangerie-pâtisserie française, Fédération générale agroalimentaire FGA – CFDT and Others, French case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2016

    A day care provider, Estro Groep B.V., (‘Estro’) went into pre-arranged (‘pre-pack’) receivership. Immediately afterwards, a large part of its business was taken over by another day care provider, Smallsteps B.V. (‘Smallsteps’). The latter did not offer employment to all of Estro’s employees, taking the position that the takeover did not constitute the transfer of an undertaking. This position was based on the fact that Estro was in receivership at the time of the takeover. According to the Dutch law transposing the Acquired Rights Directive, such takeovers are exempted from the rules on transfers of undertakings. A union and five of the employees whom Smallsteps had not offered jobs, relying on the wording of Article 5(1) of the Directive (“insolvency proceedings which have been instituted with a view to the liquidation of the assets”), claimed that they had become Smallsteps employees. The court referred questions to the ECJ for a preliminary ruling.


Peter Vas Nunes
Peter Vas Nunes is an advocaat with BarentsKrans in The Hague, www.barentskrans.nl.

    The employer may unilaterally stipulate or agree a salary with an employee that goes beyond the equal treatment standards, to the employee’s benefit if there is a material reason. The reason must either represent a competitive advantage compared to other employees, or the unequal treatment must be a substantial requirement necessary for the particular work.


Nataša Randlová
Nataša Randlová is a lawyer with the Prague firm Randl Partners, www.randls.com.

Alvaro Fabricio dos Santos
Alvaro Fabricio dos Santos, Advocacy General of the Union (AGU), Brazilian Association for Aeronautics and Space Law (SBDA), São José dos Campos, SP, Brazil, alvaro.santos@agu.gov.br.

José Monserrat Filho
José Monserrat Filho, Brazilian Association for Aeronautics and Space Law (SBDA), Brazilian Society for the Advancement of Science (SBPC), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, jose.monserrat.filho@gmail.com.
Article

The Satellite and the Individual

The Legal Resolution of Remote Sensing

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 3 2016
Authors P.J. Blount
Author's information

P.J. Blount
University of Mississippi School of Law.

Andrea J. Harrington
University of Mississippi School of Law, 481 Chucky Mullins Dr, Office 3068, University, MS, USA 38677, ajharrin@olemiss.edu.

Gabriella Catalano Sgrosso
University of Rome, Italy, sgrossogabriella@gmail.com.
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