Search result: 281 articles

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Article

Access_open The Normative Foundation of Legal Orders: A Balance Between Reciprocity and Mutuality

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2014
Keywords reciprocity, mutuality, social morality of duties, legal morality of rights, intergenerational justice
Authors Dorien Pessers PhD
AbstractAuthor's information

    Reciprocity seems to figure as a self-evident normative foundation of legal orders. Yet a clear understanding of the often opaque role that reciprocity plays in this regard demands drawing a conceptual distinction. This article views reciprocity as a social morality of duties, in opposition to mutuality, which concerns a legal morality of rights. In everyday life these two broad categories of human interaction interfere in a dynamic way. They need to be brought into an appropriate balance in legal orders, for the sake of justice. The practical relevance of this conceptual distinction is clarified by the debate about justice between present and future generations. I argue that this debate should be viewed as a debate about the terms of reciprocity rather than relations of mutuality. Acknowledging the deeply reciprocal nature of the relations between past, present and future generations would lead to a more convincing moral theory about intergenerational justice.


Dorien Pessers PhD
Dorien Pessers is Professor of the Legal and Theoretical Foundations of the Private Sphere at the VU University and at the University of Amsterdam. Her research focuses primarily on the theoretical foundations of the public and private spheres.

Roland Pierik PhD
Article

Access_open Reciprocity: a fragile equilibrium

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2014
Keywords reciprocity, exchange theory, natural law theory, dyadic relations, corrective justice
Authors Prof. dr. Pauline Westerman PhD
AbstractAuthor's information

    Reciprocity may serve to explain or to justify law. In its latter capacity, which is the topic of this article, reciprocity is commonly turned into a highly idealized notion, as either a balance between two free and equal parties or as the possibility of communication tout court. Both ideals lack empirical reference. If sociological and anthropological literature on forms of exchange is taken into account, it should be acknowledged that reciprocal relations are easy to destabilize. The dynamics of exchange invites exclusion and inequality. For this reason reciprocity should not be presupposed as the normative underpinning of law; instead, law should be presupposed in order to turn reciprocity into a desirable ideal.


Prof. dr. Pauline Westerman PhD
Pauline Westerman is Professor in Philosophy of Law at the University of Groningen and member of staff at the Academy for Legislation in the Hague. She is editor of The Theory and Practice of Legislation, a journal published by Hart, Oxford. She writes mainly on legal methodology and legislation, especially on alternative forms of legislation. For more information as well as publications, see her personal website: <www.paulinewesterman.nl>.

Wout Cornelissen PhD
Article

Access_open EU Law Reform: Cross-Border Civil and Commercial Procedural Law and Cross-Border Insolvency Law

Journal The Dovenschmidt Quarterly, Issue 2 2014
Keywords Private International Law, Commercial and Insolvency Law, EU Law reforms
Authors S.F.G. Rammeloo
AbstractAuthor's information

    Business contractors increasingly find themselves involved in a private or commercial law relationship with cross-border elements. In case commercial disputes have to be adjudicated in court proceedings questions to be answered are: the court of which legal order has competence, the law of which country shall be applied, and is a court order from a foreign legal order enforceable or not? The strive for a (European) Single Market presupposes the breaking down of (procedural as well as substantive) legal barriers emanating from the cross-border nature of private law relationships, notably business transactions.
    This contribution, concentrating on tomorrow’s European PIL in notably the area of civil procedural law, highlights the first and the third question from the perspective of the upcoming entry into force (10 January 2015) of EU Regulation No. 1215/2012 concerning jurisdiction and recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters and the proposed amendments to EU Regulation No. 1346/2000 on cross-border Insolvency Proceedings.


S.F.G. Rammeloo
Associate Professor EU Private International Law and Comparative Company Law – Faculty of Law, Maastricht University, the Netherlands.

Michel Kallipetis
Michel Kallipetis QC FCIArb is the former Head of Littleton Chambers, and has 40 years’ experience as a practising barrister in the field of general commercial, professional negligence and employment work.
Article

Access_open Contracts for the International Sale of Goods

Recent Developments at the International and European Level

Journal The Dovenschmidt Quarterly, Issue 2 2014
Keywords CISG, CESL, contract for the international sale of goods, jurisdiction, standard terms
Authors Dr. S.A. Kruisinga
AbstractAuthor's information

    In the globalizing economy, national borders seem to have disappeared. However, when determining which law will apply to a commercial transaction, the opposite seems true. In 1980, the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (hereafter the CISG) was specifically drafted to apply to contracts for the international sale of goods. Recently, the European Commission also published a document containing provisions that can apply to contracts for the international sale of goods: the Proposal for a Regulation on a Common European Sales Law. This paper compares the scope of application of these legal regimes, it compares the regulation of standard terms in both regimes and addresses the provisions in the EU Regulation on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels I), which are of relevance for contracts for the international sale of goods which do not contain a valid dispute settlement clause.


Dr. S.A. Kruisinga
Dr. S.A. Kruisinga is Associate Professor at the Molengraaff Institute of Private Law, Utrecht University, the Netherlands.

S.F.G. Rammeloo
Associate Professor EU Private International Law and Comparative Company Law, Faculty of Law, Maastricht University.

Catherine Doldirina
Joint Research Centre, Italy

Fabio Tronchetti
Associate Professor of Law, School of Law, Harbin Institute of Technology, China; Adjunct Professor of Comparative National Space Law, School of Law, University of Mississippi, United States

Sias Mostert
SCSH, South Africa

Leehandi de Witt
SCSH, South Africa

Marc Haese

Krištof Oštir
Slovenian Centre of Excellence for Space Sciences and Technologies Space-SI and Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Slovenia
Research Note

De ideologische afstand tussen partijen

Een vergelijkende studie naar de overbrugde afstand bij partijwissels

Journal Res Publica, Issue 3 2014
Authors Ruth Dassonneville and Yves Dejaeghere
Author's information

Ruth Dassonneville
Ruth Dassonneville is aspirant van het FWO aan het Centrum voor Politicologie van de KU Leuven. Ze bereidt een doctoraat voor op het thema electorale volatiliteit en publiceerde eerder op dit thema in onder meer Acta Politica, Electoral Studies en German Politics.

Yves Dejaeghere
Yves Dejaeghere is postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan de Universiteit Antwerpen. Hij publiceerde voorheen onder meer over burgerschap en politieke socialisatie.
Article

Tussen politieke partijen en think tanks

Een verkennende analyse van de Vlaamse partijstudiediensten

Journal Res Publica, Issue 3 2014
Keywords Political party, study centre, think tank, Flanders, policy advice
Authors Valérie Pattyn, Steven Van Hecke, Marleen Brans e.a.
AbstractAuthor's information

    In Flanders, every political party has its own political foundation or study centre. Although their importance for the party organisation is widely recognised, a systematic and comparative analysis of these study centres is still lacking. This article is the first attempt to address this empirical void. Based on document analysis, interviews and survey material, we analyse the basic characteristics of the study centres of seven Flemish parties, covering all major political families. We compare their size, internal structure and autonomy vis-à-vis the party, explore the advisors’ profile and background and discuss the generation and products of advice. We conclude that despite their heterogeneity Flemish study centres share a common but limited functionality, being more of an extension of political parties than classical think tanks.


Valérie Pattyn
Valérie Pattyn is postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan het Instituut voor de Overheid (KU Leuven) en coördinator van het Steunpunt Bestuurlijke Organisatie Vlaanderen. Haar onderzoek situeert zich op de thema’s evidence-based beleid, beleidsevaluatie, beleidsadviseurs intern en extern aan de overheid, instrumenten van beleidsadvisering, en comparatieve kwalitatieve methoden.

Steven Van Hecke
Steven Van Hecke is docent Europese en vergelijkende politiek aan de KU Leuven. Hij is verbonden aan het Instituut voor de Overheid, waar hij onderzoek verricht naar politieke partijen en EU-instellingen.

Marleen Brans
Marleen Brans is hoogleraar aan het KU Leuven, Instituut voor de Overheid, waar zij onderwijs verstrekt en onderzoek verricht over beleidsontwerp, beleidscapaciteit en beleidsadvisering.

Thijs Libeer
Thijs Libeer studeerde Politieke Wetenschappen en Overheidsmanagement aan de KU Leuven. In het kader van deze laatste opleiding heeft hij in 2012 een thesisonderzoek verricht naar partijstudiediensten.

Gert Spaargaren
Gert Spaargaren studeerde sociologie en is binnen Wageningen Universiteit betrokken bij onderwijs en onderzoek in de (milieu)sociologie. Hij schreef een proefschrift over de ecologische modernisering van productie en consumptie in laatmoderne samenlevingen. Zijn onderzoek richt zich speciaal op de bijdrage van burgerconsumenten aan het verduurzamen van leefstijlen en gedragspatronen in verschillenden domeinen van alledaagse consumptie (wonen, mobiliteit, vakantie, voeding, vrije tijd) in verschillende werelddelen. De theorie van sociale praktijken speelt een belangrijke rol bij het analyseren van duurzame consumptie vanuit sociologisch perspectief.

Arthur Mol
Arthur Mol is hoogleraar milieubeleid aan Wageningen Universiteit en aan Tsignhua University, China. Hij is tevens directeur van de onderzoeksschool Wageningen School of Social Sciences. Hij onderzoekt op welke wijze en met behulp van welke instituties moderne samenlevingen trachten milieuproblemen te adresseren en mitigeren. Hij verricht daarvoor onderzoek in verschillende delen van de wereld, op verschillende schaalniveaus en op verschillende milieuprobleemvelden.
Article

Hoe tweederangs zijn lokale verkiezingen?

Een analyse van de Nederlandse gemeenteraadsverkiezingen 2010 vanuit het perspectief van second-order elections

Journal Res Publica, Issue 3 2014
Keywords Second-order elections, Netherlands, municipal elections, aggregate studies
Authors Herman Lelieveldt and Ramon van der Does
AbstractAuthor's information

    Studies of second-order elections using aggregate data have predominantly focused on examining the extent to which European parliament elections and regional elections are dominated by the national, first-order arena, and paid scarce attention to the analysis of municipal elections. In addition the study of second-order elections is dominated by looking at the impact of first-order factors whilst ignoring the impact of arena-specific factors. This article addresses these shortcomings by analyzing the impact of national and local factors on the performance of national parties in the Dutch municipal elections of 2010. Our analysis shows that there are significant effects of local factors. Most parties lose votes when having been in local government and in some cases as well when having in addition lost an alderman as a result of a political crisis. Parties also lose vote share as a result of the entrance of new national and local parties in a local election, with the effect of new national entrants being larger than that of new local entrants. Our analysis corroborates earlier findings that point to a dominance of national factors, while at the same time showing that it is vital to include local, arena specific factors in order to get to a better estimation of the second-orderness of non-national elections. We discuss our results with respect to the recurring debate about the nationalisation of the Dutch municipal elections.


Herman Lelieveldt
Herman Lelieveldt doceert politicologie aan het University College Roosevelt, het liberal arts and honours college van de Universiteit Utrecht gevestigd in Middelburg.

Ramon van der Does
Ramon van der Does studeerde in 2014 als BA in de Social Sciences af aan het University College Roosevelt en doet momenteel de onderzoeksmaster politieke wetenschappen aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Essay

Het compromis 2.0.

De meerwaarde van het uitruilprincipe voor de Nederlandse en Belgische politiek

Journal Res Publica, Issue 3 2014
Authors Nicolas Bouteca and Bart-Jan Heine
Author's information

Nicolas Bouteca
Nicolas Bouteca is doctor in de politieke wetenschappen. Hij promoveerde in 2011 op een proefchrift over ideologische convergentie. Momenteel werkt hij als doctor-assistent aan de UGent waar hij lid is van de onderzoeksgroep GASPAR. Zijn interesses zijn: ideologie, politieke partijen, electorale competitie en het Belgisch federalisme.

Bart-Jan Heine
Bart-Jan Heine is als promovendus verbonden aan het Instituut Politieke Wetenschap (Universiteit Leiden). Zijn proefschrift gaat over de Nederlandse consensusdemocratie. Daarvoor bestudeert hij de politieke besluitvorming in de periode 1950-2000 rondom de centrale sociaaleconomische (socialezekerheidsstelsel, WAO) en religieus-ethische (abortus, euthanasie) kwesties.
Article

Het meten van discourscoalities met discoursnetwerkanalyse

Naar een formele analyse van het politieke vertoog

Journal Res Publica, Issue 3 2014
Keywords Discourse analysis, social network analysis, discourse coalitions, policy conflict, methodology, public policy
Authors Allan Muller
AbstractAuthor's information

    Since the ‘argumentative turn’ in policy analysis scholars have increasingly focused on discourse as an explanatory factor for the analysis policy processes. This has resulted in a proliferation of rich and deep qualitative discourse-analytical studies on a vast range of policy controversies. However, these studies have two important shortcomings: firstly, they offer limited possibilities for comparative research, because they lack an objectified and standardized measuring instrument. Secondly, according to some critics, these studies do not live up to scientific standards.
    This article presents a method based on a combination of content analysis and social network analysis which can be complementary to qualitative approaches, in order to answer to these shortcomings. It is exemplified by a limited case study on two debates within the policy domain of transport-mobility in Flanders. The article concludes with a discussion of a number of possible applications of the method within the broader discipline of political science.


Allan Muller
Allan Muller is verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Zijn onderzoek richt zich op de formele meting van beleidsposities en beleidscontroverse op basis van discours, alsook op de comparatieve analyse van beleidscontroverses.
Symposium

Het electorale succes van het euroscepticisme

Journal Res Publica, Issue 3 2014
Authors André Krouwel, Yordan Kutiyski, Nathalie Brack e.a.
Author's information

André Krouwel
André Krouwel is docent vergelijkende politiek aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Hij publiceert over presidentialisering, politieke partijen, sociale bewegingen en democratisering in West- en Oost-Europa. Daarnaast verricht hij verkiezingsonderzoek, ook m.b.t. Nederland, o.a. via Kieskompas waar hij wetenschappelijk directeur is.

Yordan Kutiyski
Yordan Kutiyski studeerde politieke wetenschappen aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en is momenteel coördinator van het wetenschappelijk onderzoek bij Kieskompas.

Nathalie Brack
Nathalie Brack is Wiener Anspach postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan het European Studies Center van het Saint Antony’s College (Oxford University). Zij promoveerde aan de Université libre de Bruxelles met een proefschrift over euroscepticisme en heeft sindsdien talrijke internationale publicaties in dit domein verzorgd.

Wouter Wolfs
Wouter Wolfs studeerde geschiedenis, politieke wetenschappen en Europees beleid aan de KU Leuven en de Corvinus University in Boedapest. Na twee jaar praktijkervaring in het Europees Parlement werkt hij sinds september 2013 als wetenschappelijk medewerker aan het Instituut voor de Overheid van de KU Leuven. Hij verricht onderzoek naar euroscepticisme en de rol van nationale parlementen in de EU.
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