Search result: 9 articles

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Article

Access_open Giving Children a Voice in Court?

Age Boundaries for Involvement of Children in Civil Proceedings and the Relevance of Neuropsychological Insights

Journal Erasmus Law Review, Issue 1 2020
Keywords age boundaries, right to be heard, child’s autonomy, civil proceedings, neuropsychology
Authors Mariëlle Bruning and Jiska Peper
AbstractAuthor's information

    In the last decade neuropsychological insights have gained influence with regard to age boundaries in legal procedures, however, in Dutch civil law no such influence can be distinguished. Recently, voices have been raised to improve children’s legal position in civil law: to reflect upon the minimum age limit of twelve years for children to be invited to be heard in court and the need for children to have a stronger procedural position.
    In this article, first the current legal position of children in Dutch law and practice will be analysed. Second, development of psychological constructs relevant for family law will be discussed in relation to underlying brain developmental processes and contextual effects. These constructs encompass cognitive capacity, autonomy, stress responsiveness and (peer) pressure.
    From the first part it becomes clear that in Dutch family law, there is a tortuous jungle of age limits, exceptions and limitations regarding children’s procedural rights. Until recently, the Dutch government has been reluctant to improve the child’s procedural position in family law. Over the last two years, however, there has been an inclination towards further reflecting on improvements to the child’s procedural rights, which, from a children’s rights perspective, is an important step forward. Relevant neuropsychological insights support improvements for a better realisation of the child’s right to be heard, such as hearing children younger than twelve years of age in civil court proceedings.


Mariëlle Bruning
Mariëlle Bruning is Professor of Child Law at Leiden Law Faculty, Leiden University.

Jiska Peper
Jiska Peper is Assistant professor in the Developmental and Educational Psychology unit of the Institute of Psychology at Leiden University.
Article

Access_open What Is Left of the Radical Right?

The Economic Agenda of the Dutch Freedom Party 2006-2017

Journal Politics of the Low Countries, Issue 2 2019
Keywords radical right-wing populist parties, economic policies, welfare chauvinism, populism, deserving poor
Authors Simon Otjes
AbstractAuthor's information

    This article examines the economic agenda of the Dutch Freedom Party. It finds that this party mixes left-wing and right-wing policy positions. This inconsistency can be understood through the group-based account of Ennser-Jedenastik (2016), which proposes that the welfare state agenda of radical right-wing populist parties can be understood in terms of populism, nativism and authoritarianism. Each of these elements is linked to a particular economic policy: economic nativism, which sees the economic interest of natives and foreigners as opposed; economic populism, which seeks to limit economic privileges for the elite; and economic authoritarianism, which sees the interests of deserving and undeserving poor as opposed. By using these different oppositions, radical right-wing populist parties can reconcile left-wing and right-wing positions.


Simon Otjes
Assistant professor of political science at Leiden University and researcher at the Documentation Centre Dutch Political Parties of Groningen University.
Research Note

Waarom zijn laagopgeleiden vaker tegen vrijhandel?

Drie verklaringen getoetst in Nederland

Journal Res Publica, Issue 4 2016
Authors Jeroen van der Waal and Willem de Koster
Author's information

Jeroen van der Waal
Jeroen van der Waal is universitair hoofddocent sociologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Veel van zijn onderzoek beoogt te verklaren hoe sociale stratificatie verbonden is met waardeoriëntaties, stemgedrag en gezondheidsverschillen in westerse landen.

Willem de Koster
Willem de Koster is universitair hoofddocent cultuursociologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Veel van zijn onderzoek betreft de ontwikkeling, achtergronden en gevolgen van cultureel conflict en onbehagen in westerse landen.
Symposium

Waarheen met de verzorgingsstaat?

Journal Res Publica, Issue 2 2014
Authors Romke van der Veen, Judith van der Veer and Mieke Vogels
Author's information

Romke van der Veen
Romke van der Veen is hoogleraar Sociologie van arbeid en organisatie aan de Erasmus Universiteit te Rotterdam. Zijn onderzoek richt zich op de werking, effecten en evolutie van arrangementen van de verzorgingsstaat op het terrein van de arbeid, de sociale zekerheid en de zorg.

Judith van der Veer
Judith van der Veer is postdoc onderzoeker en docent aan de Afdeling Bestuurswetenschap en Politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Haar recent afgeronde promotieonderzoek gaat over de invoering van de Wmo en momenteel ondersteunt ze het Kennisatelier lokale verzorgingsstaat, een werkplaats waar professionals en wetenschappers kennis bijeenbrengen over lokaal sociaal beleid.

Mieke Vogels
Mieke Vogels is Vlaams volksvertegenwoordiger en senator voor Groen, gewezen Vlaams minister van Welzijn, Gezondheid en Gelijke Kansen en auteur van het recent verschenen De rekening van de verzuiling (2014).

Nicolle Zeegers
Nicolle Zeegers is universitair docent politicologie aan de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Zij doet onderzoek naar wie (bijvoorbeeld welke organisaties) en wat (bijvoorbeeld welke vorm van participatie) invloed geven op beleid en hoe dit samenhangt met het vertrouwen van de burger.
Article

Politieke preferenties, breuklijnen en houdingen ten opzichte van politieke partijen

Een studie bij kiezers in Vlaanderen en Wallonië

Journal Res Publica, Issue 2 2013
Keywords cleavages, political preferences, left-right, voting motives, propensity to vote
Authors Joris Boonen and Marc Hooghe
AbstractAuthor's information

    Within political science there is an ongoing discussion about the persistent or diminishing influence of social cleavages on voting behavior and the extent to which new voting motives have taken over the explanatory power of these predictors. We investigate the influence of religion, nationalism, ethical conservatism/progressivism and left-right orientations on the voters’ appreciation of political parties in Belgium. This method allows us to make a more qualified analysis on voting motives, in particular for smaller parties. We use data from the 2009 PartiRep election study, which show that traditional cleavages still have an important influence on political preferences. While the left-right-dimension has a limited influence on voting preferences in Flanders, it does play a major role in Wallonia. Contrary to expectations, the explanatory power of left-libertarian and right-authoritarian positions is rather weak, with one major exception: the preference for Vlaams Belang is almost entirely determined by ethnocentrism while this attitude is not relevant for other parties. In general, we find that both traditional and postmaterialist cleavages play a more important role in predicting party appreciations in Flanders than they do for French-speaking respondents.


Joris Boonen
Joris Boonen is doctoraatsstudent aan het Centrum voor Politicologie van de KU Leuven. Zijn onderzoek gaat over kiesgedrag en de transmissie van politieke voorkeuren.

Marc Hooghe
Marc Hooghe is gewoon hoogleraar politieke wetenschappen aan de KU Leuven en gastprofessor aan de Universiteit van Mannheim. Hij publiceert vooral over politieke participatie en politiek vertrouwen.
Article

Stedelijke context en steun voor de PVV

Interetnische nabijheid, economische kansen en cultureel klimaat in 50 Nederlandse steden

Journal Res Publica, Issue 2 2011
Keywords anti-immigrant voting, interethnic contact, ethnic competition, urban cultural atmosphere, bohemian index, gay-scene index
Authors Jeroen van der Waal, Willem de Koster and Peter Achterberg
AbstractAuthor's information

    Some studies find that interethnic propinquity leads to ethnic tolerance, while others conclude that it underlies ethnic conflict. Using data on 50 Dutch cities in 2006 and 2010, this article assesses whether the consequences of interethnic propinquity for votes for Wilders’s PVV – the Dutch anti-immigrant party par excellence – are conditional on the economic and cultural urban contexts in which these contacts take place. In line with the ‘conflict hypothesis’ it is found that a higher level of interethnic propinquity leads to more support for the PVV in cities with a high level of unemployment and an intolerant cultural climate (as measured by the bohemian index and the gay-scene index), whereas the relationship is reverse in cities with low unemployment levels and a tolerant cultural climate (corroborating the ‘contact hypothesis’).


Jeroen van der Waal
Jeroen van der Waal is als socioloog verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Daar verricht hij onderzoek naar 1) de gevolgen van economische mondialisering voor sociale ongelijkheid in geavanceerde economieën, en 2) de gevolgen van culturele veranderingen voor waardenpatronen en stemgedrag in westerse samenlevingen.

Willem de Koster
Willem de Koster is als cultuursocioloog verbonden aan het Centre for Rotterdam Cultural Sociology (CROCUS) van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, waar hij in december 2010 promoveerde op het proefschrift ‘Nowhere I Could Talk Like That’: Togetherness and Identity on Online Forums. Hij publiceerde eerder over verschillende vormen van tolerantie en de culturele conflicten die daarmee gepaard gaan, virtuele gemeenschapsvorming door rechts-extremisten, online participatie door orthodox-protestantse homoseksuelen, keuzestress, maatschappelijk omstreden cartoons, de opkomst van de strafstaat, de publieke rol van religie en verzorgingsstaatschauvinisme.

Peter Achterberg
Peter Achterberg is als cultuursocioloog verbonden aan het Centre for Rotterdam Cultural Sociology (CROCUS) van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij publiceerde onder andere over veranderingen in de politieke cultuur, de legitimiteit van de verzorgingsstaat, culturele globalisering, en de acceptatie van nieuwe technologieën.
Article

Klasse is niet dood – Zij is levend begraven

Klassengebonden stemgedrag en cultureel stemgedrag in westerse samenlevingen (1956-1990)

Journal Res Publica, Issue 4 2007
Authors Jeroen van der Waal, Peter Achterberg and Dick Houtman
AbstractAuthor's information

    By means of a re-analysis of the most relevant data source (Nieuwbeerta & Ganzeboom 1996), this paper criticizes the newly grown consensus in political sociology that class voting has declined since World War II. An increase of crosscutting cultural voting, rooted in educational differences, rather than a decline of class voting proves responsible for the decline of the traditional class-party alignments. Moreover, income differences have not become less, but more consequential for voting behavior during this period. It is concluded that the new consensus has been built on quicksand. Class is not dead – it has been buried alive under the increasing weight of cultural voting, systematically misinterpreted as a decline of class voting, due to the widespread application of the Alford index.


Jeroen van der Waal
Promovendus aan de vakgroep Sociologie, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Peter Achterberg
Post-doctoraal onderzoeker aan de vakgroep Sociologie, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Dick Houtman
Universitair hoofddocent aan de vakgroep Sociologie, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Article

Stille revolutie, contra-revolutie of cultureel conflict?

Veranderingen in de politieke cultuur en hun invloed op het verband tussen klassenpositie en stemgedrag

Journal Res Publica, Issue 4 2006
Authors Jeroen Van der Waal and Peter Achterberg
AbstractAuthor's information

    This paper deals with the linkage between changes in the political culture and changes in class-party alignments. First, we investigate how the political culture in Western countries has changed over time. Three views are tested using data on party-manifestos. The first predicts that only new-leftist issues will increase in salience. The second predicts that both new-leftist and new-rightist issues will emerge at the same time. The third, which is empirically corroborated, predicts that first new-leftist issues will emerge followed by a rise in new rightist issues.
    Second, we investigate how the emergence of these new issues has affected the traditional class-party alignments. We show that the middle class increasingly votes left-wing as newleftist issues become more important and that the working class increasingly votes rightwing as new-rightist issues become more important. The middle class also appears to alienate from the traditional party of their class as new-rightist issues rise in salience.


Jeroen Van der Waal
Onderzoeker aan de vakgroep Sociologie, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en aan de Amsterdam School for Social Research.

Peter Achterberg
Onderzoeker aan de vakgroep Sociologie, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en aan de Amsterdam School for Social Research.
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