Search result: 16 articles

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Michael Friedl
Michael Friedl is a PhD candidate and research and teaching assistant at the University of Vienna, Austria.

Maximilian Gartner
Maximilian Gartner is a PhD candidate in a joint PhD program at the University of Bologna, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and Mykolas Romeris University.
Article

Legal Rights and Possibilities to Access Satellite Data for a Non-Member State of Space Community

Case of Republic of Serbia

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 3 2018
Keywords satellite data, digital divide, space law, EU, Copernicus, Republic of Serbia
Authors Anja Nakarada Pecujlic and Marko Pajovic
AbstractAuthor's information

    In today’s technologically dependent society an average person interacts 36x per day with satellite through diverse applications (e.g. to note just one example - 3/4 of the data used in weather prediction models depend on satellite data). Because of this wide use of satellites, nowadays 80+ countries currently operate at least one satellite in space (latest countries to reach space were Ghana, Mongolia, Bangladesh and Angola). Especially for states that are less economically and technologically developed, space systems are particularly useful and necessary in order to achieve “frog leaping” and decrease the economic and social inequalities between developing and developed states. Involvement in space activities gives them the opportunity to utilize state of the art technology and solve local issues (e.g. environmental, e-health, e-medicine, transportation). Taking a closer look at the satellite data and imagery, it can be observed that the users are mainly public sector clients, such as military institutions for security uses as well as environmental and agricultural authorities. Hence, in the first line it is important to examine which legal framework is governing the access to satellite data and if public sector clients from the developing countries have the same guaranteed rights under international law as the developed nations. This paper will offer in its first part an overview of existing international norms regulating access to satellite data, focusing on relevant provisions in the corpus iuris spatialis. In the second part it will compare these legal rights with the praxis, i.e. determining what are actual possibilities to exercise these rights, if a state is not involved in space activities and has never been a member of space community like in the case of Republic of Serbia. In the third and final part, the paper will zoom in on the EU flagship programs - Copernicus and Galileo - and ESA’s data access policies in regards to states that are neither EU nor ESA member states, but are striving for full European integration, as Serbia.


Anja Nakarada Pecujlic
Institute for Air Law, Space Law and Cyber Law, University of Cologne, Albertus-Magnus-Platz, Cologne 50923, Germany (corresponding author), anja.n.pecujlic@outlook.com.

Marko Pajovic
Serbian Case for Space Foundation, Dr. Ivana Ribara 105, Belgrade 11070, Serbia, marko.pajovic@serbiancaseforspace.com.

Olavo de O. Bittencourt Neto
Professor Doctor, Catholic University of Santos, olavo.bittencourt@unisantos.br.

K.R. Sridhara Murthi
K.R. Sridhara Murthi, Director, IIAEM, Jain University, Jain Global Campus, Jakkasandra post, Kanakapura Taluk

V. Gopalakrishnan
V. Gopalakrishnan, Policy Analyst, ISRO Head Quarters, Antariksh Bhavan, New BEL Road, Bangalore
Article

Access_open Report of the Conference

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 10 2015
Authors Mr. Gopalkrishnan, Shripad Jagdale and Kumar Abhijeet
Author's information

Mr. Gopalkrishnan
Policy Analyst, ISRO HQ

Shripad Jagdale

Kumar Abhijeet
Assistant Professor, National Law School of India University, Bangalore
Article

Sustainable Space Exploration and Use

Space Mining in Present and Future Perspectives

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 1 2015
Authors Rishiraj Baruah and Nandini Paliwal
Author's information

Rishiraj Baruah
International Institute of Air and Space Law, Leiden University

Nandini Paliwal
International Institute of Air and Space Law, Leiden University
Article

Access_open The 2015 Manfred Lachs Space Law Moot Court Competition

Case Concerning Planetary Defense

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 13 2015
Authors Frans G. von der Dunk and Leslie I. Tennen
Author's information

Frans G. von der Dunk
The Netherlands

Leslie I. Tennen
United States
Article

Access_open Akera v Mheni

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 11 2014
Authors Martha Mejía-Kaiser

Martha Mejía-Kaiser

Martha Mejía-Kaiser
Co-Chair Manfred Lachs Space Law Moot Court Committee IISL

V. Gopalakrishnan
Policy Analyst, Indian Space Research Organisation, Bangalore, India, gopal@isro. gov.in.

M.Y.S. Prasad
Director, Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Indian Space Research Organisation, Sriharikota, India, mys@shar.gov.in.

Dr. Martha Mejía-Kaiser
Article

Peace in Space: A Pragmatic Approach

Peace in Space: Transparency and Confidence Building Measures

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 2 2009
Authors V. Gopalakrishnan

V. Gopalakrishnan
Article

Weaponization of Outer Space and Impact on Peaceful Uses

Weaponisation of Outer Space in the Light of the Outer Space Treaty

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 3 2008
Authors V. Gopala Krishnan, S. Murthi and M.Y.S. Prasad

V. Gopala Krishnan

S. Murthi

M.Y.S. Prasad
Article

Lunar Exploration: The Road Ahead

The Impact of Outer Space Law on Regional Policies

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 1 2007
Authors R. Lochan and V. Gopala Krishnan

R. Lochan

V. Gopala Krishnan
Article

The Disaster Charter: Formulating a Common Space Policy for the Asian Region

The Impact of Outer Space Law on Regional Policies

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 1 2007
Authors V. Balakista Reddy and D. Banerjee

V. Balakista Reddy

D. Banerjee

V. Gopala Krishnan

M. Mejia-Kaiser

R. Kaul

T. Masson-Zwaan
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