Search result: 11 articles

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Article

Access_open Recht en politiek in de klimaatzaken

Een sleutelrol voor het internationaal recht in de argumentatie van de nationale rechter

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2020
Authors Vincent Dupont
AbstractAuthor's information

    Ever since it was published in 2015, the judgment of the The Hague court in the so-called Urgenda-case, and the subsequent decisions of the appellate and cassation courts confirming it, have been met with repeated and vivid critiques. By recognizing the necessity of the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, and furthermore imposing a certain reduction level on the Dutch state, the judgments in the cases at hand gave rise to many questions concerning the position of the judiciary in the matter, and in Dutch society as a whole. This article attempts in the first place to situate the positions of the different actors intervening in the Urgenda-case within a legal-theoretical framework. The contribution subsequently explores the strategic possibilities that an alternative understanding of law could offer to the judges, focusing specifically on the use of legal instruments stemming from international law, brought into the reasoning of the national judge.


Vincent Dupont
Vincent Dupont studeerde in 2017 af als Master of Laws aan de KU Leuven en volgt momenteel een opleiding sociologie aan de Université libre de Bruxelles, Unicamp in São Paulo en de École des hautes études en sciences sociales in Parijs.
Article

e-Court – Dutch Alternative Online Resolution of Debt Collection Claims

A Violation of the Law or Blessing in Disguise?

Journal International Journal of Online Dispute Resolution, Issue 1 2019
Keywords fair trial, money claims, judiciary, ECHR, arbitration
Authors Willemien Netjes and Arno R. Lodder
AbstractAuthor's information

    In 2017, the Dutch alternative dispute resolution (ADR) initiative e-Court handled 20,000 debt collection claims via an online arbitration procedure, and this number was expected to double in 2018. In September of that same year, the Chairman for the Council of the Judiciary, Frits Bakker, argued on the Day for the Judiciary that in the future most lawsuits can be handled automatically and that a robot judge could work fast, efficiently and cheaply. However, in January 2018, Frits Bakker seemed to have changed his mind and criticized e-Court for its lack of impartiality, lack of transparency, unlawfully denying people the right to a state Court, and for being a ‘robot judge’. Ultimately, all criticism boiled down to one issue: that the defendant’s right to a fair trial was not sufficiently protected in e-Court’s procedure. This accusation led to a huge media outcry, and as a result Courts were no longer willing to grant an exequatur to e-Court’s arbitral awards until the Supreme Court had given its approval. This forced e-Court to temporarily halt its services. Questions such as ‘is arbitration desirable in the case of bulk debt collection procedures?’ and ‘are arbitration agreements in standard terms of consumer contracts desirable?’ are relevant and important, but inherently political. In this article, we argue that the conclusion of the judiciary and media that e-Court’s procedure is in breach of the right to a fair trial is not substantiated by convincing legal arguments. Our aim is not to evaluate whether online arbitration is the best solution to the debt collection claim congestion of Courts in the Netherlands, but instead to assess e-Court’s procedure in the light of Article 6 of the European Convention of Human Rights. The conclusion is that e-Court’s procedure sufficiently guarantees the right to a fair trial and thus that the criticism expressed was of a political rather than legal nature.


Willemien Netjes
Faculty of Law, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Arno R. Lodder

Wilfried Dewachter
Wilfried Dewachter is een Belgisch politicoloog en gewoon hoogleraar emeritus van de KU Leuven. Hij publiceerde decennialang vooral over verkiezingen, politieke partijen en de rol van de elite, leidde generaties politicologen op en was van 1970 tot 1993 en van 1997 tot 2000 hoofdredacteur van Res Publica. Als politicoloog was Dewachter vaak een aanspreekpunt van de media.
Symposium

Helt de ivoren toren naar links?

Journal Res Publica, Issue 2 2018
Authors Pieter Pekelharing, Louise Hoon and Soumia Akachar
Author's information

Pieter Pekelharing
Pieter Pekelharing is docent sociale en politieke filosofie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Louise Hoon
Louise Hoon is aspirant bij het Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Vlaanderen, verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit Brussel en Université Libre de Bruxelles.

Soumia Akachar
Soumia Akachar is universitair docent sociologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Zij is onlangs gepromoveerd op de afdeling Politieke Wetenschappen aan de Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Haar proefschrift ging over hoe Vlaamse moslimjongeren zich al dan niet politiek vertegenwoordigd voelen.
Symposium

De publieke rol van politicologen

Journal Res Publica, Issue 1 2016
Authors Mark Bovens, Tom van der Meer and Marc Hooghe
Author's information

Mark Bovens
Mark Bovens is hoogleraar Bestuurskunde, Faculteit Recht, Economie, Bestuur en Organisatie/Utrecht School of Governance, Universiteit Utrecht en lid van de Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid (WRR) in Den Haag.

Tom van der Meer
Tom van der Meer is universitair hoofddocent politieke wetenschappen, Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen, Universiteit van Amsterdam. Hij is medeoprichter en mederedacteur van Stuk Rood Vlees (www.stukroodvlees.nl). Daarnaast is hij co-directeur van het Nationaal Kiezersonderzoek (NKO) en het Lokaal Kiezersonderzoek (LKO) in Nederland.

Marc Hooghe
Marc Hooghe is gewoon hoogleraar politieke wetenschappen aan het Centre for Citizenship and Democracy van de KU Leuven, waar hij houder is van een ERC Advanced Grant om de verhoudingen tussen burgers en het politieke systeem in Europa te onderzoeken. Hij was van 2003 tot 2005 hoofdredacteur van Res Publica.
Article

Aandacht trekken of advies verstrekken?

De aanwezigheid van middenveldorganisaties in adviesraad- en beeldbuispolitiek

Journal Res Publica, Issue 2 2015
Keywords advocacy groups, political arena, media arena, access, Flanders
Authors Bert Fraussen and Ruud Wouters
AbstractAuthor's information

    Advocacy groups can contribute to the public debate in many different ways. In this contribution we compare the presence of Belgian advocacy groups in two crucial arenas: the media arena and the political arena. We analyze the presence of advocacy groups in the 12 strategic advisory councils of the Flemish government (political arena) and the 19 o’clock newscasts of the most important public and commercial television stations in Flanders. We argue that while each arena has its own logic, elements of the political logic are echoed in the media logic. Our results show that access to both arenas is cumulative: the same organizations dominate both arenas. Both arenas are not perfect reflections of each other though. Organizations lacking access to the political arena can rise in the media arena by offering conflict and spectacle. However, this is the exception rather than the rule, as most ‘political outsiders’ gain little attention from journalists. We conclude that mass media tend to follow and reinforce political power, rather than offering challengers a level playing field.


Bert Fraussen
Bert Fraussen is postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan de Research School of the Social Sciences, Australian National University (ANU). Daarnaast is hij ook lid van de onderzoeksgroep ACIM (Antwerp Centre for Institutions and Multilevel Politics) aan de Universiteit Antwerpen. Zijn onderzoek focust op belangengroepen en lobbying, meer specifiek op de ontwikkeling van belangenorganisaties en hun interactie met beleidsmakers.

Ruud Wouters
Ruud Wouters is postdoctoraal onderzoeker bij het Fonds voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (FWO) en lid van onderzoeksgroep M2P (Media, Middenveld & Politiek; Universiteit Antwerpen).
Article

Vertegenwoordiging van oude en nieuwe breuklijnen in de Lage Landen

Journal Res Publica, Issue 3 2012
Keywords group representation, members of parliament, Low Countries, class, gender, ethnicity
Authors Karen Celis and Bram Wauters
AbstractAuthor's information

    This article investigates whether group-based politics is still relevant in Belgian and Dutch politics. Based on the PARTIREP MP Survey it more precisely studies the extent to which Belgian and Dutch parliamentarians in comparison to other European countries attach importance to the representation of ‘old’ cleavage groups (class and religious groups) or new groups (age groups, women and ethnic minorities), and which strategies are considered most appropriate. Group representation of old and new groups is found to be of great importance in both countries. Class is not dead and age groups are also highly represented. In contrast, religious groups and ethnic minorities receive far less attention in the Low Countries. Notwithstanding these similarities, there is also cross-country variation regarding the level of importance (greater in the Netherlands), the represented groups and the strategies for representation.


Karen Celis
Karen Celis is als onderzoeksprofessor verbonden aan de Vakgroep Politieke Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Zij verricht onderzoek naar de politieke representatie van groepen (vrouwen, etnische minderheden, LBGT, leeftijdsgroepen en sociale klassen).

Bram Wauters
Bram Wauters is docent aan de Faculteit Handelswetenschappen en Bestuurskunde van de Hogeschool Gent en gastdocent aan de Faculteit Politieke en Sociale Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Gent. Zijn onderzoek gaat over politieke vertegenwoordiging, electorale systemen en politieke partijen.
Book Review

Eppur si muove: De ontwikkeling van de welvaartsstaat

België en Nederland in vergelijkend perspectief

Journal Res Publica, Issue 1 2009
Authors Wim Van Lancker
Author's information

Wim Van Lancker
Wim Van Lancker (°1982) is als Research Fellow verbonden aan het Centrum voor Sociaal Beleid Herman Deleeck van de Universiteit Antwerpen. Zijn onderzoeksdomeinen situeren zich vooral rond welvaartsstaat en herverdeling, genderbeleid, sociaal Europa en arbeid-gezin combinatie.
Book Review

Access_open John Rawls, Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy, edited by Samuel Freeman, Cambridge, Massachussetts, en London.

England: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press 2007, xix + 476 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2007
Keywords gebruiker, geschrift, politieke filosofie, contract, kind, levering, navolging, prestatie, redenering, student
Authors B. Wolthuis

B. Wolthuis
Book Review

Access_open Samuel Freeman (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Rawls

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2003, 598 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2004
Keywords auteur, autonomie, democratie, dwaling, kwaliteit, leerling, levering, overlijden, prestatie, uitleg
Authors A.J. Wolthuis

A.J. Wolthuis
Article

Access_open Over leeuwen en vossen

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2003
Keywords rechtspraak, idee, autonomie, bewijslast, bouw, exclusiviteit, aanwijzing, afzet, doding, erfgenaam
Authors A.-J. Kwak

A.-J. Kwak
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