Search result: 14 articles

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Article

Like Mother, Like Daughter?

Linkage Between Local Branches and Their National Party Headquarters in Belgium

Journal Politics of the Low Countries, Issue 2 2020
Keywords local branches, national party headquarters, linkage, integration, multilevel parties
Authors Kristof Steyvers
AbstractAuthor's information

    This article scrutinises local-national linkage in Belgium to better understand territorial power relations in multilevel parties. Drawing on a survey of local chairs of national parties, it adopts an innovative, informal and bottom-up approach. The descriptive analysis reveals two central axes in the morphology of linkage: scope (downward support and upward influence) and surplus (benefits versus costs). However, (the valuation of) this interdependence appears as a matter of degree. The explanatory analysis therefore probes into the effect of macro- (between environments), meso- (between parties) and micro- (within parties) level factors. It demonstrates that variance is explained by different parameters. For scope, differences between parties trump those within them. For surplus, specific differences between parties as well as within them matter. The answer to our guiding question is therefore variegated: it depends on for what and for whom.


Kristof Steyvers
Kristof Steyvers is Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science of Ghent University (Belgium). His research is conducted in the Centre for Local Politics, where he focuses on topics such as local political leadership, parties and elections at the local level, local government in multilevel governance and local government reforms (often from a comparative perspective).

Gilles Doucet
Spectrum Space Security Inc.
Article

Access_open The Questionable Legitimacy of the OECD/G20 BEPS Project

Journal Erasmus Law Review, Issue 2 2017
Keywords base erosion and profit shifting, OECD, G20, legitimacy, international tax reform
Authors Sissie Fung
AbstractAuthor's information

    The global financial crisis of 2008 and the following public uproar over offshore tax evasion and corporate aggressive tax planning scandals gave rise to unprecedented international cooperation on tax information exchange and coordination on corporate tax reforms. At the behest of the G20, the OECD developed a comprehensive package of ‘consensus-based’ policy reform measures aimed to curb base erosion and profit shifting (BEPS) by multinationals and to restore fairness and coherence to the international tax system. The legitimacy of the OECD/G20 BEPS Project, however, has been widely challenged. This paper explores the validity of the legitimacy concerns raised by the various stakeholders regarding the OECD/G20 BEPS Project.


Sissie Fung
Ph.D. Candidate at the Erasmus University Rotterdam and independent tax policy consultant to international organisations, including the Asian Development Bank.
Article

Access_open The Peer Review Process of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes

A Critical Assessment on Authority and Legitimacy

Journal Erasmus Law Review, Issue 2 2017
Keywords Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information, exercise of regulatory authority, due process requirements, peer review reports, legitimacy
Authors Leo E.C. Neve
AbstractAuthor's information

    The Global Forum on transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes has undertaken peer reviews on the implementation of the global standard of exchange of information on request, both from the perspective of formalities available and from the perspective of actual implementation. In the review reports Global Forum advises jurisdictions on required amendments of regulations and practices. With these advices, the Global Forum exercises regulatory authority. The article assesses the legitimacy of the exercise of such authority by the Global Forum and concludes that the exercise of such authority is not legitimate for the reason that the rule of law is abused by preventing jurisdictions to adhere to due process rules.


Leo E.C. Neve
Leo Neve is a doctoral student at the Erasmus School of Law, Rotterdam.

Philippe Clerc
Head of Legal Department – Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES) – 2 Place Maurice Quentin 75 039 Paris cedex 01 France. philippe.clerc@cnes.fr.

Michael Kaeding
Post-doc at the law faculty of Leiden University. I would like to thank the research group associated with the ‘Analyzing EU Policies: The Transposition of Directives’ program, including Bernard Steunenberg, Kees van Kersbergen, Frans van Waarden, Antoaneta Dimitrova, Markus Haverland, Ellen Masterwork, Mark Rhinard, Sara Berglund, Ieva Gange and Marleen Romeijn. In addition I would like to thank the participants of the Hellenic Observatory symposium on ‘Current Social Science Research on Greece’ panel ‘Greece and the EU: Public Policy’ chaired by Prof. Panos Tsakloglou at the LSE on the 10 June 2005, and Andreas Mom for his legal expertise and helpful suggestions during the research. Funding for this research was generously provided by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research and the Hellenic Observatory.
Article

Good Governance

Journal European Journal of Law Reform, Issue 1-2 2010
Keywords international cooperation, state administration, substate-level administration, steering non-governmental bodies, principles of Human-Rights-and-Rule-of-Law, democracy structures, procedures and manpower of administration
Authors Prof. Dr. Ulrich Karpen
AbstractAuthor's information

    “Good Governance” is a term used worldwide to measure, analyse and compare, mainly quantitatively and qualitatively, but not exclusively, public governments, for the purpose of qualifying them for international developmental aid, for improving government and administration domestically, etc.
    In Section A the use of the key term is explained more thoroughly; Section B lists goals and effects of governance from the international, supranational (European) and national perspective; Section C contains guidelines for governance as vested in constitution and law and Section D describes the main instruments and tools to work on better governance.


Prof. Dr. Ulrich Karpen
Prof. Dr. Ulrich Karpen, Faculty of Law, University of Hamburg.

S. Li
Article

Access_open Merger control and the rule of law

Journal Erasmus Law Review, Issue 1 2009
Authors Rachid Abdullah Khan and Gareth Davies
Author's information

Rachid Abdullah Khan
Both authors are members of the Department of International Law, Faculty of Law, VU University Amsterdam (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam); Rachid Abdullah Khan as an associate professor and Gareth Davies as a professor.

Gareth Davies
Both authors are members of the Department of International Law, Faculty of Law, VU University Amsterdam (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam); Rachid Abdullah Khan as an associate professor and Gareth Davies as a professor.
Article

The UNIDROIT Draft of a Space Assets Protocol: A Civil Law Instrument under a Public Framework

Private International Law Regarding Space Activities

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 1 2008
Authors B. Schmidt-Tedd and I. Arnold

B. Schmidt-Tedd

I. Arnold
Article

Space Law Teaching and Education: General Introduction and Overview

2007 IISL-ECSL Space Law Symposium Held on the Occasion of the 46th Session of the Legal Subcommittee of UNCOPUOS in Vienna, Austria: "Capacity Building in Space Law"

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 7 2007
Authors G. Lafferranderie

G. Lafferranderie
Article

Fly Me to the Moon: Legal and Political Considerations of Space Exploration Initiatives

The Moon, Property Rights and Legal Issues

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 3 2006
Authors L. Martinez and U. Bohlmann

L. Martinez

U. Bohlmann
Article

Legal Matters Relating to the "Settlement" of "Outposts" on the Moon

Legal Issues Relating to Private Enterprise, Property Rights, and Space Applications

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 4 2004
Authors J. Catena

J. Catena
Article

Space Tourism and Permanent Human Settlement: The Legal and Regulatory Issues

State Responsibility for Liability and Non-State Space Activities

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 2 2000
Authors Y. Takaya and R. Lee

Y. Takaya

R. Lee
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