Search result: 12 articles


Access_open De ventielfunctie van de artikel 12 Sv-procedure: van georganiseerd wantrouwen naar gezamenlijk politiek project?

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue Pre-publications 2022
Keywords Article 12-procedure, principle of opportunity, liberalism, judicial activism, democratic legitimacy
Authors Sophie Koning
AbstractAuthor's information

    Originally, Article 12 of the Dutch Code of Criminal Procedure was intended as a correction mechanism for the prosecution monopoly of the Public Prosecution Service. In a later stage, the private interest of complainants (or victims) became more central. This article argues that a third function now emerges: a valve function for social dissatisfaction. The social conflicts that underly the proceedings in these socially sensitive cases give rise to new democratic legitimacy problems. However, an appropriate normative framework that captures these new democratic demands has not yet been constructed. To this end, this article provides an alternative democratic vocabulary in order to bridge the gap between empirical and normative notions of legitimacy. By means of a historical and normative analysis, it will be argued that Article 12 has an important democratic potential within the characteristically autonomous Dutch system of criminal law.

Sophie Koning
Sophie Koning is promovendus aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Access_open Moet de strafrechter ook de scheidsrechter zijn van het publieke debat?

De scheiding der machten in het licht van de vrijheid van meningsuiting voor volksvertegenwoordigers

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2020
Keywords Freedom of speech, Separation of powers, Criminal law, Hate speech, Legal certainty
Authors Jip Stam
AbstractAuthor's information

    This article contains a critical review of the provisions in the Dutch penal code regarding group defamation and hate speech. It is argued that not only these provisions themselves but also their application by the Dutch supreme court, constitutes a problem for the legitimacy and functioning of representative democracy. This is due to the tendency of the supreme court to employ special constraints for offensive, hateful or discriminatory speech by politicians. Because such a special constraint is not provided or even implied by the legislator, the jurisprudence of the supreme court is likely to end up in judicial overreach and therefore constitutes a potential – if not actual – breach in the separation of powers. In order to forestall these consequences, the protection of particularly political speech should be improved, primarily by a revision of the articles 137c and 137d of the Dutch penal code or the extension of parliamentary immunity.

Jip Stam
Jip Stam is onderzoeker en docent bij de afdeling Encyclopedie van de rechtswetenschap aan de Leidse rechtenfaculteit.

Access_open Schade in de virtuele wereld: de casus virtuele grooming

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2017
Keywords Virtuele grooming, Schade, Strafbaarstelling, Uitlokverbod
Authors Jeroen ten Voorde
AbstractAuthor's information

    As part of a package of legislative measures concerning cybercrime, the Dutch State Secretary for Security and Justice proposes to criminalize virtual grooming, that is the grooming of a person of minor age who, for example, does only exist as an online creature. The legislator’s principle argument for criminalization is based on the harm principle. This article examines the possibility of founding the criminalization of virtual grooming on this principle.

Jeroen ten Voorde
Jeroen ten Voorde is bijzonder hoogleraar strafrechtsfilosofie (leerstoel Leo Polak) aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en universitair hoofddocent straf- en strafprocesrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Euthanasie: gaat het nog wel goed in de Lage Landen?

Journal Res Publica, Issue 2 2015
Authors Gerbert van Loenen, Heleen Weyers and Herman Nys
Author's information

Gerbert van Loenen
Gerbert van Loenen is politicoloog en journalist. In februari 2015 verscheen van zijn hand Lof der onvolmaaktheid. Waarom zelfbeschikking niet genoeg is om goed te leven en te sterven, Utrecht, Ten Have. Eerder schreef hij Hij had beter dood kunnen zijn. Oordelen over andermans leven, Amsterdam, Van Gennep, 2009, dat in aangepaste en geactualiseerde vorm tevens is verschenen in het Duits (Das ist doch kein Leben mehr! Warum aktive Sterbehilfe zu Fremdbestimmung führt, Frankfurt/Main, Mabuse, 2014) en Do You Call This a Life? Blurred Boundaries in the Netherlands’ Right-to-Die Laws, London (Canada), RossLattner, 2015.

Heleen Weyers
Heleen Weyers is universitair docent bij de Vakgroep Rechtstheorie van de Rijkuniversiteit Groningen. Zij bestudeert sedert 20 jaar het euthanasiedebat in Nederland. Dit resulteerde onder andere in de dissertatie Euthanasie: het proces van rechtsverandering (2002/4) en in een standaardwerk over euthanasie dat ze samen schreef met John Griffiths en Maurice Adams: Euthanasia and Law in Europe (2008). Heel recent is zij lid geworden van een Regionale Toetsingscommissie Euthanasie.

Herman Nys
Herman Nys is gewoon hoogleraar medisch recht aan de faculteiten geneeskunde en rechtsgeleerdheid van de KU Leuven en directeur van het Centrum voor Biomedische Ethiek en Recht. Hij is lid van de European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies (EGE) bij de Europese Commissie.

Access_open De complexiteit van het kwaad

Een kritische lezing van Hannah Arendts Eichmann in Jerusalem

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2012
Keywords banality of evil, Hannah Arendt, Adolf Eichmann, Holocaust studies, philosophy of international criminal law
Authors Klaas Rozemond
AbstractAuthor's information

    In her book Eichmann in Jerusalem Hannah Arendt concluded that the Eichmann trial taught us the lesson of the ‘fearsome, word-and-thought-defying banality of evil’. Arendt explained the concept of banality as thoughtlessness: Eichmann did not realize what he was doing when he planned and executed the Final Solution of the Jewish Question in Nazi Germany. In this article Arendt’s analysis of Eichmann’s evil is criticized from an internal perspective: the conclusion that Eichmann was thoughtless cannot be founded on the information Arendt herself gives, especially her reports on Eichmann’s idealism, his knowledge of Kant’s categorical imperative, his Pontius Pilate feeling during the Wannsee Conference, and the two crises of conscience Eichmann experienced during the Holocaust. This information shows that Eichmann clearly realized what he was doing in a moral sense and consciously decided to go on with the Final Solution on the basis of his own convictions as a Nazi.

Klaas Rozemond
Klaas Rozemond is Associate Professor of Criminal Law at the VU University of Amsterdam.

Access_open Op de bres voor rechtszekerheid

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 1 2009
Keywords rechtszekerheid, in dubio pro libertate, Brouwer, rechtspositivisme, constructivisme
Authors Marc Loth
AbstractAuthor's information

    This paper addresses the principle of legal certainty, which was central in the work of Bob Brouwer. He both regretted and disputed the decline of this principle in the theory and practice of law, trying to defend it against the spirit of the time. I argue that this attempt was in vain, because it opposes recent developments in law, as is illustrated by a notorious case of the European Court of Human Rights. Moreover, these developments invoke a constructivist account of legal certainty, which opposes Brouwer’s legal positivist account. Additionally, this meta-level shows that legal certainty in its classical form is indefensible, which – of course – does not mean that it is senseless altogether. On the contrary, the principle of legal certainty does have meaning in current legal systems, and it is the task of new generations of young scholars to try to get a grip on it. In doing so, they will undoubtedly make use of Brouwer’s work, which excels both in the depth of thinking and the clarity of writing.

Marc Loth
Marc Loth is raadsheer in de Hoge Raad der Nederlanden.

Access_open Rechtsfilosofische annotaties

HR 26 januari 1990, NJ 1990, 794

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2004
Keywords rechtvaardigingsgrond, rechtmatigheid, onrechtmatigheid, schulduitsluitingsgrond, toestemming, schadevergoeding, delinquent, zaakschade, eigendom, politie
Authors J.C. Hage

J.C. Hage
Book Review

Access_open Samuel Freeman (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Rawls

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2003, 598 p.

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2004
Keywords auteur, autonomie, democratie, dwaling, kwaliteit, leerling, levering, overlijden, prestatie, uitleg
Authors A.J. Wolthuis

A.J. Wolthuis

W.T. Eijsbouts

Access_open Het proces Eichmann. Hannah Arendts visie op de competentie van het hof te Jeruzalem

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 3 2003
Keywords slachtoffer, oorlogsdelict, tenlastelegging, misdrijf, delinquent, verdrag, film, levering, onpartijdigheid, strafbaarheid
Authors T.J.M. Mertens

T.J.M. Mertens

Access_open Past de Staat der Nederlanden in het verdachtenbankje?

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2002
Keywords strafbaar feit, minister van justitie, openbaar ministerie, aansprakelijkheid, staat der nederlanden, strafbaarheid, strafrechtelijke aansprakelijkheid, algemeen belang, gemeente, opschorting
Authors N. Rozemond

N. Rozemond

Access_open Was Hobbes een rechtspositivist?

Journal Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Issue 2 2002
Keywords overeenkomst, contract, verzet, verdrag, citaat, geweld, geschrift, strafbaarheid, student, executie
Authors R. Janse

R. Janse
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