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Article

Fledgling Polish Space Industry Ready for Lift–Off

Law as a Risk Management Tool in the Emerging Space Sector

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 9 2018
Keywords outer space, space activity, national space law, liability in space law, Polish space law
Authors Katarzyna Malinowska
AbstractAuthor's information

    This paper presents an overview of recent developments in Poland from a regulatory and institutional point of view, as well as at a programme level. Though Poles played an active part in setting out the foundations of the international space law, largely through the pioneer of space law – Polish Professor Manfred Lachs – for many years the Polish space industry barely existed, consisting only of the activities of a few engineers brave enough to set up start-ups and cooperate with big international players. The situation changed in 2012, when Poland joined ESA as a full member. Joining ESA and opening up the space industry to small players can be perceived as a significant trigger for the boost of Polish space projects. The first results came quickly. The number of Polish companies active in the sector is growing rapidly, already reaching 300 companies, forming a consistent, consolidated group of large, medium and small enterprises. Over the last five years, the attitude of the government has also been changing.
    Concerning regulatory challenges, Poland has still not adopted comprehensive space legislation, though in July 2017, a draft law on space activity was published by the government. The legal concept adopted in the national space law, especially about risk management, may influence the development of the whole national space activity, which still suffers from insufficient capital to bear the high level of risk related to ultra-hazardous activity such as space activity. The recent tendencies covering small sats, New Space, suborbital flight and space mining are also the subject of pending legislative discussions.


Katarzyna Malinowska
Professor at Kozminski University, Poland, katarzynamalinowska@kozminski.edu.pl.

George Anthony Long
Fountain Hills, AZ United States, gal@legalparallax.com.

Jean-François Mayence
Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (BELSPO), Belgium, maye@belspo.be.
Article

New Space Activities and Legislation

A General Overview with a Specific Reference to the Ongoing Debate in Italy

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 2 2017
Authors Marina Gagliardi, Nicoletta Bini, Cristina Marabottini e.a.
Author's information

Marina Gagliardi
Marina Gagliardi, Legal Affairs Unit, Italian Space Agency, Rome, Italy.

Nicoletta Bini
Nicoletta Bini, Legal Affairs Unit, Italian Space Agency, Rome, Italy.

Cristina Marabottini
Cristina Marabottini, Legal Affairs Unit, Italian Space Agency, Rome, Italy.

Gianfranco Gabriele Nucera
Gianfranco Gabriele Nucera, Department of Political Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome.

Brian M. Stanford
Attorney-Advisor, Office of the General Counsel, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, United States

Mahulena Hofmann
Prof. Dr., SES Chair in Satellite Communications and Media Law, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg, mahulena.hofmann@uni.lu.

Prof. Gabriella Catalano Sgrosso
University of Rome, Italy, gab.sgrosso@alice.it.

Prof.Dr. Irmgard Marboe
University of Vienna, Austria, irmgard.marboe@univie.ac.at
Article

Studies on the Establishment of National Mechanism on Space Debris Mitigation

Global Lunar Conference in Beijing, China: IISL Session

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 10 2010
Authors S. Li

S. Li
Article

Forum-Selection Clauses in Suborbital Space Tourism Contracts and EU Law

Nandasiri Jasentuliyana Keynote Lecture on Space Law & 2nd Young Scholars Session

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 1 2010
Authors M. Chatzipanagiotis

M. Chatzipanagiotis
Article

Regarding Formation of the International Space Private Law

Private International Law Regarding Space Activities

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 1 2008
Authors M. Yuzbashyan

M. Yuzbashyan

D. Howard
Article

Export Control of Space Items in Europe: Legal and Political Constraints

The Impact of Outer Space Law on Regional Policies

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 1 2007
Authors A. Bini

A. Bini
Article

Is There any Legal Regime for the Protection of the Moon's Environment?

New Legal Developments in the Protection of the Space Environment

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 3 2007
Authors M. Hofmann

M. Hofmann
Article

In Defense of Advertising in Space

Other Legal Matters, Including the Relationship Between Government and Private Sector in Space Activities

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 6 2006
Authors J.H. Huebert and W. Block

J.H. Huebert

W. Block
Article

The Brazilian Space Licensing Regulation

Other Legal Matters, Including Legal Aspects of Launch Services

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 4 2002
Authors A. Stemler da Veiga

A. Stemler da Veiga
Article

World Space Congress: "Legal and Policy Factors"

Other Legal Matters, Including Legal Aspects of Launch Services

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 4 2002
Authors T. Thorin

T. Thorin
Article

Launching Alcantara into the Global Space Economy: The 2001 Brazilian National Space Law

Other Legal Matters, Including Legal Aspects of Launch Services

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 4 2002
Authors F.G. von der Dunk

F.G. von der Dunk
Article

Eastern European Legal Developments in Radio and TV Broadcasting

New Legal Developments in Satellite Communications

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 1 1994
Authors M. Hosková

M. Hosková
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