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Prof. Irmgard Marboe
University of Vienna

Jonathan F. Galloway
Lake Forest College

Christopher Johnson
International Institute of Space Law, United Kingdom and United States of America, johnson.c@gmail.com

Prof. Dr. Lesley Jane Smith
Leuphana University of Luneburg/ Weber-Steinhaus & Smith, Bremen, Germany,, ljsmith@barkhof.uni-bremen.de
Article

Maken sterke lijsten een verschil?

Een analyse van de lijsten bij de federale en regionale verkiezingen in het Vlaams Gewest (2003-2010)

Journal Res Publica, Issue 2 2011
Authors Bart Maddens and Gert-Jan Put
AbstractAuthor's information

    Theories on ticket balancing assume that the success of a list in an open list PR system is related to the distribution of the candidates on the list according to variables such as age, gender, professional background and residence. To test these assumptions data were collected about 179 lists for the 2003, 2007 and 2010 federal and 2004 and 2009 regional elections, in the Flemish region of Belgium. A multivariate analysis shows that a list is more successful compared to the other lists of the party in the election if there are more incumbents and aldermen or majors on the list, and less young candidates. A similar analysis with the relative swing as dependent variable suggests that only the age and the number of aldermen or majors have a causal effect on the success. The success of a list does not seem to depend on the visibility of woman candidates, the professional profi les of the candidates, their geographical dispersion or the total campaign expenditures.


Bart Maddens
Bart Maddens is hoogleraar aan het Centrum voor Politicologie van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Hij doet onderzoek over onder andere partij- en campagnefinanciering en politieke partijen in multi-level systemen.

Gert-Jan Put
Gert-Jan Put is assistent aan het Centrum voor Politicologie van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Hij doet onderzoek over de geografische spreiding van kandidaten en de geopolitieke strategie van partijen.
Article

De impact van party magnitude op het aantal vrouwelijke verkozenen

Gender quota in Belgiƫ kritisch bekeken

Journal Res Publica, Issue 2 2011
Keywords gender quota, Belgium, impact, party magnitude, women in politics
Authors Sandra Sliwa, Petra Meier and Peter Thijssen
AbstractAuthor's information

    In the literature on the impact of gender quota party magnitude appears as one of the most critical explanatory variables. A high party magnitude has long been argued to be a necessary condition for quota to be effective. However, recently a number of studies have shown that gender quota can be equally effective in the case of low party magnitude. An analysis of the Belgian regional elections for the years 1999, 2004 and 2009 shows that for quota to be effective it is crucial that they are tailored to the electoral system in which they are applied. Quota prove to be particularly effective when party magnitude is high while a placement mandate is effective when it covers a substantial part of the eligible list positions. We therefore conclude that effective quota can be designed for both high and low party magnitude.


Sandra Sliwa
Sandra Sliwa was van november 2008 tot en met mei 2010 als wetenschappelijk medewerker verbonden aan de Universiteit Antwerpen. Haar onderzoek richtte zich op de impact van genderquota en de determinanten van voorkeurstemmen. Nu werkt ze als beleidsmedewerker voor de Milieu- en Natuurraad Vlaanderen.

Petra Meier
Petra Meier is docente aan het Departement Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Antwerpen en promotor coƶrdinator van het Steunpunt Gelijke Kansenbeleid. Haar onderzoek spitst zich toe op vraagstukken van politieke vertegenwoordiging in politiek en beleid vanuit (o.a.) een genderperspectief.

Peter Thijssen
Peter Thijssen is hoofddocent aan het Departement Politieke Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Antwerpen. Zijn onderzoek spitst zich toe op de wisselwerking tussen publieke opinie en politieke participatie.

R. Oladosu Olakunle
African Regional centre for space science and technology education in English, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile- Ife, Nigeria.

J.O. Akinyede

K Adepoju

A.A. Adegbite

Olusoji Nester John
Space Application Laboratory (South-West), National Space Research and Development Agency,Nigeria, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Eguaroje Ezekierl
Space Application Laboratory (South-West), National Space Research and Development Agency,Nigeria, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Dr. S.O. Mohammed
National Space Research and Development Agency, Abuja, Nigeria, Garki, Abuja, Nigeria

Ali Akbar Golroo
Aerospace Research Institute, I. R. of IRAN, ali@ari.ac.ir

Professor Mohsen Bahrami
Futures Studies Research Institute, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Declan J. O'Donnell Esq., Pres.
United Societies In Space, Inc. & The International Space Development Authority Corporation, isdac.usis@gmail.com, djopc@qwestoffice.net

J.J. Hurtak Ph.D
The Academy For Future Science, jjh@affs.org

Yu Takeuchi
JAXA, Japan, takeuchi.yu@jaxa.jp

Daisuke Saisho

Hideyuki Taguchi

Yoshiaki Kinoshita

Naoko Sugita Inaba

P.J. Blount
National Center for Remote Sensing, Air, and Space Law, University of Mississippi School of Law, United States, pjblount@olemiss.edu
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