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    In deze bijdrage wordt op experimentele wijze gezocht naar een antwoord op de vraag wat de rechtvaardiging is van de beperking van de handelingsbekwaamheid van de minderjarige en het het bewind over zijn vermogen. Bij wijze van experiment wordt een fictieve regeling in het leven geroepen, het zogenaamde tachtigplusbewind. Op grond van deze regeling wordt eenieder die de tachtigjarige leeftijd passeert van rechtswege beperkt in zijn handelingsbekwaamheid en verliest hij het bewind over zijn vermogen. Vervolgens wordt de vraag gesteld waarom een dergelijk tachtigplusbewind niet wenselijk is en de bescherminsgmaatregelen die minderjarigen treffen wel. Deze bijdrage is een onderdeel van een breder dissertatieonderzoek met als titel 'Minderjarigen en (de zorg voor hun) vermogen.'
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    This contribution seeks, in an experimental manner, to find an answer to the question of what is the justification for restriction on the capacity of the minor and the administration of their assets. By way of experimentation, a fictitious arrangement is created, the so-called ‘eighty-plus-fiduciary-administration’. Under this scheme, anyone who is over the age of eighty will have their legal capacity limited, and lose control of their assets. The question then arises as to why this eighty plus rule is not desirable whilst the protective rules for minors are widely accepted. This contribution is part of a wider dissertation research entitled ‘Minors and (the care of) their assets’.


Mr. Hans ter Haar
Hans ter Haar is a lecturer in notarial law at the University of Groningen.

Dr. Martha Mejía-Kaiser

P. Masambu

P.J. Blount

Frans G. von der Dunk

Armel Kerrest
Professor of Public Law at the Universities of Western Brittany and Paris XI. Vice President of the European Centre for Space Law (ECSL) of the European Space Agency (ESA).

M.J. Stanford
Deputy Secretary-General, International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (Unidroit).

D.A. Porras
Associate Officer, International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (Unidroit).

Rafael Moro Aguilar
IISL Member and Assistant Editor, 2012 Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law. The author wishes to thank Mr. Hannes Mayer (University of Graz, Austria) for his notes from the 2012 IISL/ECSL Symposium, which contributed to the writing of the present report.

Olavo de O. Bittencourt Neto
University of São Paulo, Brazil, olavo.bittencourt@usp.br.
Article

Een gemiste kans? De rol van YouTube in de verkiezingscampagne van 2010

Journal Res Publica, Issue 4 2012
Keywords YouTube, Web 2.0, election campaigns, political advertising, Obama, the Netherlands
Authors Annemarie S. Walter and Philip van Praag
AbstractAuthor's information

    This article is one of the first to systematically examine parties’ use of YouTube in Dutch election campaigns and to consider its effects. Content analysis of 406 YouTube ads and additional research show that nine political parties made use of this new campaign instrument in the 2010 Dutch parliamentary election campaign. However, unlike U.S. presidential candidate Obama, the parties did not really use YouTube to mobilize and involve voters. Instead, YouTube was used only as a means to broadcast advertisements for the party. These ads only reached a small audience and had little influence online as well as in the print media. Furthermore, this study examines which of these ads were more likely to reach a large number of viewers. The results demonstrate that short, comparative ads that contain the party leader, that are uploaded early on in the campaign, that stem from small or winning parties and that have numerous links on external websites are likely to reach more viewers.


Annemarie S. Walter
Annemarie Walter is als universitair docent verbonden aan de afdeling Communicatiewetenschap van de Vrije Universiteit van Amsterdam. Zij houdt zich vooral bezig met verkiezingscampagnes, politieke partijen en media.

Philip van Praag
Philip van Praag is universitair hoofddocent Politicologie bij de afdeling Politicologie van de Universteit van Amsterdam. Hij houdt zich met name bezig met politieke partijen, verkiezingscampagnes en de relatie tussen de media en politiek.
Article

Leidt meer kennis over de Europese Unie tot een sterkere Europese identiteit?

Een vergelijkend onderzoek bij adolescenten in 21 lidstaten

Journal Res Publica, Issue 4 2012
Keywords European identity, European Union, ICCS 2009, political knowledge
Authors Soetkin Verhaegen, Marc Hooghe and Yves Dejaeghere
AbstractAuthor's information

    Strengthening European citizenship is often considered as a ‘cure’ for the democratic deficit and the lack of legitimacy of the European Union. The present article focuses on the identity component of European citizenship, which is a core component of European citizenship. We distinguish two possible ways to strengthen European identity: a cognitive one (more knowledge about the EU leads to a stronger identity) and a utilitarian one (living in a member state that benefits more from its EU-membership leads to a stronger European identity). We test both explanatory models using a multilevel analysis on the data of the International Civic and Citizenship Education Study. 70,502 adolescents from 21 European member states were questioned in this study. Results indicate that knowledge about the EU only has a limited effect on European identity. The degree in which a member state contributes to the European budget does not seem to have an effect on the strength of European identity at all.


Soetkin Verhaegen
Soetkin Verhaegen is onderzoeker aan het Center for Citizenship and Democracy van de KULeuven. Zij is verbonden aan de Parent Child Socialization Study en bereidt een doctoraat voor over de ontwikkeling van Europese identiteit.

Marc Hooghe
Marc Hooghe is gewoon hoogleraar aan de KULeuven en visiting professor aan de Université Lille-II en de Universität Mannheim. Hij bekleedt dit jaar de Francqui-leerstoel aan de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Yves Dejaeghere
Yves Dejaeghere is doctor in de politieke wetenschappen, verbonden aan het Center for Citizenship and Democracy van de KULeuven. Hij was medeverantwoordelijk voor de Belgian Political Panel Study (BPPS, 2006-2011).
Article

Het democratisch mandaat van Nederlandse politieke partijen: crisis of continuïteit?

Journal Res Publica, Issue 4 2012
Keywords party mandate, political representation, political parties, Dutch national elections, parliamentary behaviour
Authors Tom Louwerse
AbstractAuthor's information

    This article studies the extent to which Dutch political parties fulfil their electoral mandates. The central question is how collective mandate fulfilment has developed over the last sixty years. Increasing electoral volatility, changes in party organizations and the rise of populist parties could have resulted in a decrease of party mandate fulfilment. Contrary to previous studies, this article studies the mandate in terms of congruence between the electoral and parliamentary party competition. This allows for the study of opposition parties’ mandate fulfilment. Election manifestos and parliamentary debates are studied for six elections and the subsequent parliaments (between 1950-2006). The structure of the party competition is rather congruent before and after elections for all of the cases, except 1972-1977. There is no evidence for a decline of the degree to which parties collectively fulfil their electoral mandates.


Tom Louwerse
Tom Louwerse is als postdoctoraal onderzoeker en docent verbonden aan het Instituut voor Politieke Wetenschap van de Universiteit Leiden. Zijn onderzoek richt zich voornamelijk op politieke representatie, politieke partijen en het parlement.

Susan Myres JD
Susan Myres is the principal at Myres and Associates, PLLC located in Houston, Texas; www.myresfamilylaw.com, smyres@myresfamilylaw.com. She is a member of the Board of Managers of the International Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers, USA Chapter. She is secretary of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers.

Christopher Flynn MD
Menninger Clinic, Houston, TX, USA, cflynn@menninger.edu.

Ana Cristina van Oijhuizen Galhego Rosa
LL.M (Adv.) Lawyer, The Netherlands, anacristina.rosa@gmail.com.
Article

Practical and Legal Consequences of Spacecraft End of Life Disposal

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 9 2012
Authors David Finkleman PhD, Diane Howard JD, LLM and Catherine Doldirina
Author's information

David Finkleman PhD
Center for Space Standards and Innovation, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA dfinkleman @centerforspace.com.

Diane Howard JD, LLM
DCL Institute of Air and Space Law, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Catherine Doldirina
DCL Institute of Air and Space Law, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Camilo Guzman Gomez
Sergio Arboleda University, Colombia, camilo.guzman @ usa.edu.co.
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