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Rulings

ECJ 27 February 2020, joined cases C-773/18 – C-775/18 (Land Sachsen-Anhalt), Age Discrimination

TK, UL, VM – v – Land Sachsen-Anhalt, German case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2020
Keywords Age discrimination
Abstract

    General subsequent payment based on salary step not found discriminatory, provided that it protects existing acquired rights and if it does not prolong age discrimination. A summary will be provided once an English translation becomes available

Rulings

ECJ 18 December 2019, case C-447/18 (UB), Social insurance

UB – v – Generálny riaditeľ Sociálnej poisťovne Bratislava, Slovakian case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2020
Keywords Social insurance
Abstract

    Additional benefits paid to high-level sportspersons who have represented a Member State or its legal predecessors are not ‘old-age benefits’ within the meaning of Article 3(1)(d) of Regulation 883/2004, but Article 7(2) of Regulation 492/2011 preclude that they are made conditional of having the nationality of that Member State.

Rulings

ECJ 22 January 2020, case C-32/19 (Pensionsversicherungsanstalt), Free movement

AT – v – Pensionsversicherungsanstalt, Austrian case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2020
Keywords Free movement
Abstract

    The requirements to obtain a right of residence by way of working for 12 months in the last 3 years also apply to persons who have reached the pensionable age during that period.

Rulings

ECJ 19 December 2019, case C-168/18 (Pensions-Sicherungs-Verein VVaG), Insolvency, pension

Pensions-Sicherungs-Verein VVaG – v – Günther Bauer, German case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2020
Keywords Insolvency, Pension
Abstract

    A reduction of old-age pensions under Directive 2008/94 is manifestly disproportionate if the former employee lives or would have to leave below Eurostat’s at-risk-of-poverty threshold, even if s/he receives at least half of the amounts of the benefits from his/her acquired rights.

Pending Cases

Case C-866/19, Social insurance

SC – v – Zakład Ubezpieczeń Społecznych I Oddział w Warszawie Wydział Realizacji Umów Międzynarodowych, reference lodged by the Sąd Najwyższy (Poland) on 27 November 2019

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2020
Keywords Social insurance

    Austrian rehabilitation allowance qualifies as a sickness benefit within the meaning of Article 3(1)(a) of Regulation No 883/2004. Denial of that benefit found possible.

Rulings

ECJ 4 December 2019, case C-413/18 P (H – v – Council), Miscellaneous

H – v – Council of the European Union, EU case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2020
Keywords Miscellaneous
Abstract

Pending Cases

Case C-824/19, Disability discrimination

TC, UB – v – Komisia za zashtita ot diskriminatsia, VA, reference lodged by the Varhoven administrativen sad (Bulgaria) on 12 November 2019

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2020
Keywords Disability discrimination

    In a surprise decision, with potentially wide-ranging ramifications, an Employment Tribunal (ET) has found that ‘workers’ as well as traditional ‘employees’ are covered by the Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006 (TUPE).


Colin Leckey
Colin Leckey is a Partner at Lewis Silkin LLP.
Rulings

ECJ 5 December 2019, joined cases C-398/18 and C-428/18 (Bocero Torrico), Social Insurance

Antonio Bocero Torrico (C-398/18), Jörg Paul Konrad Fritz Bode (C-428/18) – v – Instituto Nacional de la Seguridad Social, Tesorería General de la Seguridad Social, Spanish cases

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2020
Keywords Social Insurance
Abstract

Pending Cases

Case C-879/19, Social insurance

FORMAT Urządzenia i Montaże Przemysłowe – v – Zakład Ubezpieczeń Społecznych I Oddział w Warszawie, reference lodged by the Sąd Najwyższy (Poland) on 2 December 2019

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2020
Keywords Social insurance

    Employees’ remuneration adversely affected by the application of new retrospective law found in breach of the peaceful enjoyment of possessions.

Pending Cases

Case C-843/19, Social insurance, pension, gender discrimination

Instituto Nacional de la Seguridad Social (INSS) – v – BT, reference lodged by the Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Cataluña (Spain) on 20 November 2019

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2020
Keywords Social insurance, Pension, Gender discrimination

    The protection of an employee’s freedom of expression is not limited to comments in a debate on public matters only.

Rulings

ECJ 19 December 2019, case C-16/18 (Dobersberger), Private international law, posting of workers

Michael Dobersberger – v – Magistrat der Stadt Wien, Austrian case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2020
Keywords Private international law, Posting of workers
Abstract

    On-board services on international trains do not fall under the scope of Directive 96/71/EC concerning the posting of workers if most of the work is performed in one Member State.

    Many national decisions in Germany in the past had to deal with employers’ requirements regarding religious symbols in the workplace. Also, in 2017, the ECJ has dealt with two matters of such. Whilst the ECJ strictly refers to the principles of entrepreneurial freedom, the Federal Labour Court (Bundesarbeitsgericht, the ‘BAG’) tends to give priority to religious freedom. Last year, the BAG appealed to the ECJ for final clarification, in particular regarding the relationship between the basic rights of entrepreneurs and the constitutional right to religious freedom, by way of a preliminary ruling procedure with its decision dated 30 January 2019.


Caroline Dressel
Caroline Dressel is an attorney-at-law at Luther Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft mbh
Case Reports

2020/6 Supreme Court judgment on the concept of comparable permanent employees (DK)

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2020
Keywords Fixed-term work, Other forms of discrimination
Authors Christian K. Clasen
AbstractAuthor's information

    In a recent case on fixed-term employment, the Danish Supreme Court addressed the question of what constitutes a comparable permanent employee. The Supreme Court ruled that four employees, who worked in a government agency, were not comparable with the agency’s permanent employees and for this reason they had not been discriminated against on the grounds of their fixed-term contracts.


Christian K. Clasen
Christian K. Clasen is a partner at Norrbom Vinding, Copenhagen.
Rulings

ECJ 26 February 2020, case C-427/18 P (EEAS), Miscellaneous

European External Action Service (EEAS) – v – Ruben Alba Aguilara and Others, EU case

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2020
Keywords Miscellaneous
Abstract

    Reduction of allowance for living costs for EEAS staff – ECJ annuls judgment of General Court – case referred back to the General Court.

Pending Cases

Case C-726/19, Fixed-term work

Instituto Madrileño de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario – v – JN, reference lodged by the Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Madrid (Spain) on 1 October 2019

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2020
Keywords Fixed-term work
Pending Cases

Case C-834/19, Part time work, fixed-term work

AV – v – Minister for Justice and the Italian Republic, reference lodged by the Tribunale di Vicenza (Italy) on 15 November 2019

Journal European Employment Law Cases, Issue 1 2020
Keywords Part time work, Fixed-term work
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