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Article

Regulation of Commercial Mining of Space Resources at National and International Level

An Analysis of the 1979 Moon Agreement and the National Law Approach

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 5 2019
Authors Vinicius Aloia
Author's information

Vinicius Aloia
Faculty of Law, University of Helsinki, Yliopistonkatu 3, 00101, Helsinki, Finland.
Article

Real-Time Challenges for the Registration Regime: Where to?

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 9 2018
Authors Georgia-Eleni Exarchou, Yvonne Vastaroucha, Pelagia-Ioanna Ageridou, e.a.
AbstractAuthor's information

    Registration is the sole basis for “jurisdiction and control” in outer space (Art. VIII OST) and also constitutes the basis for responsibility over a space object. It is therefore evident that ambiguities regarding registration are crucial for the safety of space operations. The discussion about registration has been escalating lately as space is becoming increasingly accessible with the diversification of space subjects. Simultaneously the practice of States indicates reduced diligence in registering their space objects. Initially, the present paper briefly recapitulates the different registries and processes based on the general rule that a launching State shall register a space object set by Art. II of the 1976 Registration Convention. It then turns to current challenges concerning the registration procedure as well as its consequences. Firstly, the term “launching State” is scrutinized, aiming to address several cases of private launches where registration was omitted. Subsequently, the challenges posed by the transfer of ownership of in-orbit space objects are discussed. In this context, it is examined whether there is a rule of international law allowing for the transfer of registration where the registering State has no effective control over an object. Secondly, the paper analyses the notion of “launching State” in light of joint launching and launchings realized by international organizations. It further attempts to answer the relevant question of registration of mega-constellations. The paper concludes by reviewing the possibility of the desirable harmonization and standardization of the registration regime under the Registration Convention, the UNGA Resolution 62/101 and the newly added Guideline 6 of the Guidelines for the Long-Term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities in light of the aforementioned developments.


Georgia-Eleni Exarchou
National & Kapodistrian University of Athens.

Yvonne Vastaroucha
National & Kapodistrian University of Athens.

Pelagia-Ioanna Ageridou,
National & Kapodistrian University of Athens.

Iliana Griva
National & Kapodistrian University of Athens.

Bernhard Schmidt-Tedd
Head of Legal Support, Space Administration, DLR

Olga S. Stelmakh
PhD Candidate, Institute of State and Law to the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Olusoji Nestor John
Space Application Laboratory (South-West), National Space Research and Development Agency,Nigeria, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, nestero2003@yahoo.co.uk.

E. Eguaroje

G. Efron

Prof. Sergio Marchisio
Sergio Marchisio, full professor of international law at the Sapienza University of Rome, chaired the five sessions of the UNIDROIT Committee of Governmental Experts entrusted to negotiate the Protocol on Space Assets, and the Committee of the Whole of the 2012 Berlin Diplomatic Conference which successfully adopted the draft and opened it for signature.

Zhuoyan Lu

S. Freeland
Article

The Moon Agreement in the Current Scenarios

30 Years of the Moon Agreement: Perspectives

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 2 2010
Authors M. Williams

M. Williams
Article

Responsibility and Liability in International Space Law as a Matter of Sequence and Succession

Nandasiri Jasentuliyana Keynote Lecture on Space Law & 1st Young Scholars Session

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 1 2009
Authors J.R. Bonin

J.R. Bonin

J. Hong

J. Bonin

M. Mejia-Kaiser

M. Sundahl

C. Doldirina

C. Jorgenson
Article

The Needs of Teaching Institutions in Eastern Europe: Specific Features and Initiatives

2007 IISL-ECSL Space Law Symposium Held on the Occasion of the 46th Session of the Legal Subcommittee of UNCOPUOS in Vienna, Austria: "Capacity Building in Space Law"

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 7 2007
Authors N. Malysheva

N. Malysheva

A.D. Terekhov

A.D. Terekhov

A.D. Terekhov

A.D. Terekhov
Article

Some Remarks to General Clauses of Treaty Space Law

Space Treaties, Law and Policies and Telecommunication Issues

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 2 2003
Authors G. Gál

G. Gál

J. Zissu

A.D. Terekhov
Article

GNSS for Military Uses or Peaceful Uses?

Legal Implications of Military Uses of Outer Space

Journal International Institute of Space Law, Issue 3 2002
Authors Y. Takaya

Y. Takaya

A.D. Terekhov
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