European Journal of Policing Studies

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Issue 1, 2023 Expand all abstracts

Access_open The Relaunch of the European Journal of Policing Studies

Authors Antoinette Verhage, Jan Terpstra, Yinthe Feys e.a.
Author's information

Antoinette Verhage
Prof. dr. Antoinette Verhage is professor of Criminology at Ghent University, Belgium.

Jan Terpstra
Jan Terpstra is emeritus professor of Criminology at the Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands and fellow at the Free University of Brussels and the University of Leiden (the Hague).

Yinthe Feys
Yinthe Feys is PhD Candidate conducting research on the ethical decision-making process of local police officers in Belgium at Ghent University, Belgium.

Courtney Marsh-Rosseel
Courtney Marsh-Rosseel is the research manager for the research group of government and law at the law faculty of the University of Antwerp, Belgium.

Access_open Experiencing Police Stops in France

Low-Level Tensions, Trust and Citizenship

Keywords ethnic minorities, police stops, procedural justice, France, Citizenship
Authors Jacques de Maillard
AbstractAuthor's information

    Police stops are teachable moments, as they generate information concerning the status of the parties involved and the relationship between them. In France, research has highlighted the concentration of identity checks on young males from ethnic minorities living in urban areas. However, the contents of the interactions during police stops and the consequences of these stops have seldom been explored. On the basis of two research projects (a survey from the French Defender of Rights, and some direct observations of police-public interactions), we analyze here experiences of police stops. Although the behaviour of the police officers is mostly said to be polite, the relaxation of professional standards is, nevertheless, significant, and more accentuated for the young, male and minority populations. We find the roots of a vicious relational circle. The risk of a ‘police stops trap’ is obvious, as reciprocal hostile attitudes feed one another. We argue that targeted police practices undermine trust in the police and feed a more critical conception of citizenship.

Jacques de Maillard
Jacques de Maillard is Professor of political science at University of Versailles-Saint-Quentin (University Paris-Saclay) and director of the Cesdip (Centre for sociological research on law and criminal institutions).

Access_open We Will Always Be Better Than a Spreadsheet

Intelligence Logic and Crime Prevention in Practice

Keywords predictive policing, institutional logics, crime prevention, risk-based policing, intelligence-led policing
Authors Helene O.I. Gundhus, Pernille Erichsen Skjevrak and Christin Thea Wathne
AbstractAuthor's information

    Previous studies point to an increasingly entrenched risk-based logic of performance management in policing, where crime fighting is central. This article analyses how police crime preventers respond to these shifts and develop their practice. We explore empirically how intelligence-led policing is employed in police crime prevention efforts in a vulnerable area and the dilemmas that arise. Drawing on institutional logic theory we examine the rejigging of the pressures and complexities of institutional logic in question. We particularly highlight how a risk-based logic affects the practices of the police crime preventers: the type of data that is seen as important and how it is used. Crime prevention and intelligence-led policing both are future-oriented, although they have different time frames and requirements for what is defined as valid knowledge. To conclude, our findings indicate there have been shifts in relations and the power balance within the police organization, owing to the demands of data-driven police practice.

Helene O.I. Gundhus
Helene O. I. Gundhus, Professor Criminology, University of Oslo, Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law, Norway/ Professor II, Norwegian Police University College, Norway. Corresponding author: h.o.i.gundhus@jus.uio.no.

Pernille Erichsen Skjevrak
Pernille Erichsen Skjevrak, PhD student, Oslo Metropolitan University, Centre for the study of Professions, Norway.

Christin Thea Wathne
Christin Thea Wathne, Research Director and Research Professor, Oslo Metropolitan University, Work Research Institute (AFI), Norway.

Access_open Rural Policing: Change and Continuity

An Oral History

Keywords police, rural, oral history, social change, police culture
Authors Jan Terpstra, Tetty Havinga and Renze Salet
AbstractAuthor's information

    In this paper changes in rural policing in the Netherlands over the past few decades are investigated. This study is an example of oral history, using interviews with rural police officers. The main changes in rural policing are related to different issues: organization of rural policing, views about police work, local knowledge and commitment, relations with local communities, and style of policing. This study shows that since the 1980s the Dutch police have gradually withdrawn from the countryside. Not much is left of the strong traditional position of the police in rural communities. Notwithstanding these developments, the rural police has partially kept is distinctive characteristic in policing style, which makes it different from the police that is often found in urban areas. Larger social density, less anonymity, stronger sense of community, and more social control are among the factors that have contributed to the continuity in the styles of rural policing. Still it looks as if a shift is being made to a different kind of policing in rural regions: less socially embedded, mainly operating from the outside, not as an integral elements of the local community, and generally operating reactively, only after an incident happened.

Jan Terpstra
Jan Terpstra is emeritus professor criminology at the Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands and fellow at the Free University of Brussels and the University of Leiden (the Hague).

Tetty Havinga
Tetty Havinga is fellow professor sociology of law, Faculty of Law, Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Renze Salet
Renze Salet is assistant professor criminology at the Radboud University in Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Access_open Governing Police Discretion Through a Craft Learning Model

Promises and Pitfalls

Keywords body-worn cameras, police discretion, craft, bureaucracy, police reform
Authors James J. Willis, Marthinus C. Koen and Heather Toronjo
AbstractAuthor's information

    In this article, we build on some of our previous empirical research to develop the value, logic and nature of the craft learning model, as an alternative to the dominant, administrative rulemaking paradigm for governing patrol officer discretion. We do this by conceptualizing the craft model in relation to Egon Bittner’s observations on two distinct mechanisms of police organization and control: legality and workmanship. Second, we illustrate the largely overlooked potential of body-worn cameras for learning about and advancing craft knowledge and skills. And third, we address three challenges to what we propose and consider how these might be mitigated or overcome: (1) resistance from the police culture; (2) the limited role of first-line supervisors; and (3) the current lack of community participation in guiding street-level decision-making. Our overarching purpose is to encourage advocates of police reform to explore new models that account for the complex technical and normative dimensions of everyday policing and facilitate more reasoned, transparent and principled decision-making on the front lines.

James J. Willis
James J. Willis is Professor at the Department of Criminology, Law and Society, George Mason University in Fairfax, USA.

Marthinus C. Koen
Marthinus C. Koen is Assistant Professor at the Criminal Justice Department of the State University of New York-Oswego, USA.

Heather Toronjo
Heather Toronjo is Research Associate at the Schar School of Policy and Government of the George Mason University in Fairfax, USA.
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