European Journal of Policing Studies

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Issue 1, 2013 Expand all abstracts


Authors Antoinette Verhage, Lieselot Bisschop and Wim Hardyns

Antoinette Verhage

Lieselot Bisschop

Wim Hardyns

How to Police a Porous Fortress?

Evolving Practices in Policing Europe’s Borders

Keywords Europe, borders, security, mobility, technology
Authors Monica den Boer
AbstractAuthor's information

    The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the way in which the European Union has gradually but steadily built a security architecture based on the control of mobility and borders. Different logics of policing are interwoven in several projects, which are strongly interdependent with technological innovation. Furthermore, the European policing of mobility is primarily performed by mounting surveillance – both inside and beyond European borders – by means of which all forms of movement (transactions, travelling, etc.) are subjected to intensive monitoring by multiple actors who are interlinked through strategies and systems. The main finding is that border policing is shifting in a fundamental way from fixed to fluid, from territorial to virtual, and from physical to technological. Hence, paradoxically, though mobility is strongly promoted as one of the main virtues of the European Union, Europe’s precautionary protection may be at ill-ease with the free movement of people. The article seeks to stimulate the knowledge and debate about deeper shifts in Europe’s security apparatus and develops this from a law enforcement perspective.

Monica den Boer
Monica den Boer is Academic Dean at the Police Academy of The Netherlands (Corresp: monicadenboer@gmail.com). She is a Member of the Committee on European Integration of the Advisory Council on International Affairs and Visiting Professor at the College of Europe in Bruges. She has published widely on European internal security cooperation and engages in teaching, coaching as well as supervision.

Police Science in Germany: History and New Perspectives

Keywords Police Science in Germany, accountability, YouTube, public relations, Facebook, civil courage, violent assaults
Authors Joachim Kersten and Ansgar Burchard
AbstractAuthor's information

    In the German speaking academic world Police Science (Polizeiwissenschaft) is a fairly new and little known area of social science. Accordingly, the academic status of police science is anything but firmly established but rather at a ‘hybrid’ stage of development. The very combination of policing and academic study/research seems to remain largely incompatible not only to police managers but also to main stream sociology. German police science differs substantially from the Anglo-American-Australian approach. One main difference pertains to legal traditions, others are due to historical and cultural developments that will be taken up in this descriptive essay. However, Anglo-American-Australian police theories have a lot to offer to German and European police scientists and this will be demonstrated. For a future common approach to an evolving European police science similar descriptions will be required from other European countries to establish a comparative foundation of joint EU police studies. Some of the principal dimensions of such a comparison will be sketched in this essay. It concludes with a presentation of empirically based police studies carried out by instructors and Master students at the newly founded German Police University in Münster. Topics are media coverage of clashes between police and demonstrators, a typology of third party intervention in cases of assault in public places and COREPOL (EU FP7), a comparative security research project aiming at an improvement of police-minority relations through means of restorative justice programs.

Joachim Kersten
Joachim Kersten is Professor and Head of Department of the Department of Police Science at the German Police University (Germany) since 2007 (Corresp: Joachim.Kersten@dhpol.de). He was appointed as DAAD Professor at Northwestern University, and served as guest professor in Maastricht/ NL, in Sydney/Australia, and in Tokyo/Japan. In Tokyo he received the Asahi Fellowship Award.

Ansgar Burchard
Ansgar Burchard studied Politics, Modern History and Sociology in Münster (Germany) and Vienna (Austria). He has a Master Degree in Politics and is a PhD candidate. Since 2012 he works as Senior Researcher for ‘COREPOL’ (EU FP7).

The Roots and Routes to Compliance and Citizens’ Cooperation with the Belgian Police

Keywords Trust in the police, legitimacy, procedural justice, cooperation with the police, compliance with the law
Authors Anjuli Van Damme
AbstractAuthor's information

    Procedural justice theory assumes that trust in procedural justice and in the effectiveness of the police are important issues for building the legitimacy of the aforementioned institution. Additionally, the perception of police legitimacy, as a result of public trust, is necessary for the recognition of police authority. When citizens acknowledge the right of the police to determine authority, they are assumed to feel the obligation to obey the police and ultimately comply with the law and cooperate with the police. This theoretical framework has mainly been tested in Anglo-Saxon countries. Hence, the purpose of this contribution is to test the key assumptions of procedural justice theory in the Belgian context using data from the European Social Survey (ESS). Little evidence was found for the procedural justice theory in the Belgian context.

Anjuli Van Damme
Anjuli Van Damme is assistant and PhD candidate at Ghent university, department of Penal Law and Criminology, research group Institute for Urban Security and Policing Studies (SVA).

Street Cop Culture and the Aging Police Force

Understanding the Interplay between Demographic Change, Organizational Culture, Leadership and Police Officers’ Performance

Keywords Organizational culture, street cop culture, demographic change, aging, leadership, health management
Authors Antonio Vera and Katharina Koelling
AbstractAuthor's information

    The purpose of the present study is to explore the relationship between aging, organizational culture, leadership and police officers’ performance, and in particular to examine the difficulties in handling age-related physical limitations in police forces. We investigate this topic empirically on the basis of quantitative and qualitative data using the example of a German police organization. Our results indicate that organizational culture plays a fundamental role in understanding the effects of an aging workforce. Police officers tend to suppress, ignore or deny their age-related physical deficits, which they perceive as incompatible with their cultural self-conception as police officers. Therefore, measures to cope with the challenges of demographic change cannot be successfully implemented in police organizations unless they explicitly take account of the organizational culture of the police.

Antonio Vera
Antonio Vera is a full professor for Organization and Human Resource Management at the German Police University in Muenster (corresp: antoniovera@gmx.de). He received his doctorate as well as his post-doctoral qualification (Habilitation) from the University of Cologne, Germany. His main areas of expertise are police and health care management, focusing in particular on innovation and organizational culture.

Katharina Koelling
Katharina Koelling is a research associate and doctoral student at the German Police University. Her main areas of expertise are police culture and human resource management.

General Open Call

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Open Call
European Journal of Policing Studies Special Issue on Plural Policing in Cyberspace: Entering the Grey Zone

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